Causes of the American Revolution
the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a period of time that involved struggles between the American Colonists and the British. There were many events that happened between the years of 1763 and 1776 that led up to the war between the British and the Americans. This war resulted in Independence for the colonies and labeled a border line between British Canada and America. Some of the social causes were the Sugar Act, the Stamp act and the Tea act because the rich and the poor were arguing with each other because the rich told the poor that it would effect them too. I think that the colonists justified in independence because without the independence, we wouldn't be where we are today.
The Navigation Acts were efforts to the theory of mercantilism into actual practice. There were rules that the colonists had to follow when it came to trading; They could only ship certain enumerated items within the empire which limited the supplies they received. Many colonists opposed to the sugar act because the colonists had to pay extra money. This law ensured that England received as much wealth as possible which was very unfair to the Americans.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was a document that was created after the the French and Indian war was over. King George created issued this because he wanted to avoid conflict and tension with the American Indians. It recognized the Indians' land rights and didn't allow colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. This made to colonists angry because they wanted to settle on the land and they didn't want the British soldiers to live near them.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act was a law that taxed anything printed on paper by requiring colonists to buy a stamp for any paper products, to raise money to protect the colonists and to pay for the debt of the French and Indian war. There were some people who disagreed with the Stamp act such as the Committees of Correspondence, led by Samuel Adams. They boycotted and refused to buy certain goods in protest. Samuel Adams then created the Sons of Liberty as a way to protest British policies and sometimes used violence to get their way. A meeting called the Stamp Act Congress took place soon and they discussed how to repeal the acts. King George didn't want to repeal the act, but had no other choice but to repeal due to all the boycott.
The Quartering Act
As a result of the Stamp Act process, the British sent more troops to America to keep the colonies in order, and that was how the Quartering Act started. The Quartering act was a law that allowed royal troops to live in colonists homes. The two major issues that the colonists had with this act was the writs of assistance, and that the housing and supplying the soldiers was costly. The writs of assistance was a law that allowed soldiers to search any colonists home if they were suspected of stealing, which angered many colonists.
The Townshend acts made colonists pay taxes on tea, glass, paper, and other items to pay for rising military costs. Lots of people didn't like this, but one way the Daughters of Liberty protested was by making their own cloth instead of paying extra for British cloth. The Britains soon repealed the acts, but continued to tax tea to show that they still had the power to tax. The Sons of Liberty continued to use violence and attacked the homes of British officials and tax collecters as a way of protesting.
On March 5, 1770, the tension exploded in Boston when a crowd gathered around an angry colonist arguing with a soldier. Colonists began to yell at the soldiers and throw snowballs at them. As the mob got bigger, the soldiers got angrier and one of the red coats fired at a colonist. This resulted in 4 more colonists getting killed due to the riots. Sam Adams and other colonists used the incident to their advantage as propaganda. Sam shared news and ideas with other people through the Committees of Correspondence. John Adams chose differently; to represent the soldiers in this infamous trial to demonstrate that colonists value the right to a trial by Jury for all citizens.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea act was a law that made the British East Company the only company able to sell tea, which was a monopoly over tea. Colonists were mad about this because all the money for tea went to Britain, and there was nothing they could do about it. As a protest, the Sons of Liberty dressed up as American Indians, illegally boarded the ships, and dumped 342 crates of British tea into the Boston Harbor.
The Coercive Acts were an effort by the British to make to colonists pay for the tea and to keep the colonists from planning other attacks. The four laws that were enforced the Intolerable acts were that all trade between Boston and Britain stopped, it didn't allow town meetings, it gave Britain to control of the colony, and it strengthened the Quartering Act. This led to support for Boston as goods were brought in from other colonies and stirred a revolutionary spirit throughout the colonies.