Genetically Modified Foods
Introduction and Procedure
Here it is:
1) Isolation of gene(s) of interest
2) Insertion of gene(s) into a transfer vector
3) Plant transformation (old cells mixed with new plant)
4) Selection of the modified plant cells
5) Regeneration into whole plants from tissue culture
6) Verification of transformation
7) Testing of plant performance
8) Safety assessment
- EPA: Regulates the pesticides. This means that they require developers who include genes for Bt toxins in their food to go through a food-safety analysis.
- FDA: Regulates the safety of the modified crops for human and animal consumption.
- USDA: Regulates the pests that may cause disease, injury to plants, virus, bacteria, etc. (under the Plant Protection Act of 2000)