By: Marisa K, Hunter S, Vitoria F, and Austin R.
Sir Walter Raleigh By: Vitoria F
Walter Raleigh was born in Hayes Barton in Devon January 22, 1552. He was not only an explorer, but also a poet, historian, and soldier. He studied at Oxford before he served in the Huguenot army in France around 1569 (Wilhelm, Jeffrey D).Sir Walter Raleigh contributed to pros with his writings. His writings were very straight forward and he resisted poetic devices. Later on in his like Queen Elizabeth knighted him for being a strong and ruthless knight. She also rewarded him with a large estate in Ireland, and granted him the authority to trade and colonize with America (Walter Raleigh Biography).
Around the year 1587 he started to explore what is present day North Carolina down to Florida. He named that territory Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth, the “Virgin Queen.” In 1588 he assisted with the victory over the Spanish after he led raids over to the Spanish territory. (Walter Raleigh (c.1552 - 1618).
James I feared and was terrified of him, so he sent him to death and imprisonment in a tower around 1603. While imprisoned in the tower he lived with his wife and raised his children while writing his book History of the World. In 1616 he was released from the tower to help search for gold in South America. He returned without the Gold because he was invaded by the Spanish. Once he got home he was sent to death and executed in Westminster (Jokinen, Ann).
The King James Version of the Bible By: Hunter S.
Incredibly, The King James Bible was both the most widely read Bible and the most widely read English book. It was published in the early 17th century and was translated by the Church of England. This version of the Bible was so renowned that the language and style of the book strongly influenced English language and literature, and still does today (McGraw-Hill 406).
When James I was crowned king of England in 1603, seven versions of the Bible were in use (McGraw-Hill 406) . However, only a year later in 1604 it was said by a group of churchmen, which included King James, that a revision of the Bible was necessary, one that would better reflect the ecclesiology of the Church of England (McGraw-Hill 406). King James assembled a conference consisting of a large group of forty-seven scholars at his palace just outside of London (“James I; address at…”). This conference, known as the Hampton Court Conference, was called to produce a translation of the Bible that would be easily accessible to all English-speaking people (“James I; address at…”). The scholars were told to create a new version of the Bible by using the original Hebrew and Greek texts. Their tremendous efforts resulted in the King James or Authorized version of the Holy Bible.
In conclusion, the earliest version of the King James Bible was printed in 1611, but additional versions were produced in 1629, 1638, 1762, and 1769. The earlier versions printed by various printers contained a considerable amount of variation in the text and layout. It was not until 1769 that the printing of the King James Bible became standardized (“James I; address at…”). The Authorized Version of the Bible was so significant because it became the standard of English-speaking Protestants.horized Version of the Holy Bible.
King James the First
King James the First was born in the year of 1566(Butler). He was the son of Mary the Queen of Scots and his father was Henry Lord Darnley. King James faced some struggles in his childhood due to his mother being a rather incompetent ruler, and also to the fact that she may have murdered King James' father. She was eventually thrown in prison and left her child in the care of Queen Elizabeth the First(Butler). After the ordeal with his mother, James the first grew up and was tutored by prestigious tutors(Butler). These tutors had a large impact on James and opened his creativity in many ways.
Eventually, King James then married Anne of Denmark and had two children, Henry, Prince of Wales, who did not make it past adulthood, Charles who then carried on the
success of his father, and Princess Elizabeth.
James published his first book in 1584. The book was The Essays of a Prentice in he
Divine Art of Poesy. In this book, along with many other, he included some theological
references(Sommerville). His books reflected him, because he was a holy man and wrote from a different and special viewpoint(Sommerville).
He used his works as propaganda to grab people's attention. He had a powerful and
different way of going about it and doing so. James the First is considered "a major writer of political philosophy"(Matthews).
King James the First made an everlasting impact on literature, not only because his
translation of the bible to english, but the translation of his own style, that captured the
interests of many.
Fir Francis Bacon By: Austin R.
Sir Francis Bacon Article
Sir Francis Bacon was a well-known author and writer from London, England who was born in 1561. He was dedicated to a life of philosophy, biology, physics, chemistry, and architecture (McGraw-Hill pg.273). He wrote many scientific novels and saw that all ideas on generalization should be based on factual evidence. He introduced the idea of hypothesis to many scientists, and helped create the idea of Britain’s Royal Society. Then, towards the middle of his life, he began to find a passion towards English and Politics.
After completing his education, he was appointed to Parliament in 1584 after writing a political essay called A Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth. He stayed in Parliament for approximately 40 years in which he was very active in politics and the royal court (Francis Bacon). In 1621, Sir Francis Bacon was accused of accepting bribes and was impeached by Parliament, and this put an end to his political career. This scandal took a toll on Sir Francis Bacon who was 60 years old and also his reputation as a long standing member in Parliament.
Sir Francis Bacon was a thinker ahead of his time. Some people even called him a luminary because of his desire to change the old ways of thinking and create new outlines especially in science. Bacon put emphasis on the scientific method so that the gathering of data and analyzing it, followed by performing experiments would be an organized way to observe nature. He believed this approach to science could become an important tool in helping mankind. As a philosopher and writer, Bacon once said,” We must make an experiment to see whether the same clock will go faster on the top of a mountain or at the bottom of a mine; whether the strength of the weights decreases on the mountain and increases in the mine.” (On the Lord Bacon)