The Dawes Act
By: Gabby Isaacks & Matti Nation
The buffalo disappeared from the western plains for a variety of environmental reasons, including a significant change in climate; competition for forage with horses, sheep, and cattle; and cattle-borne disease. 2.
Leaders spoke out against mistreatment of the Indians. In his annual message of 1877, President Rutherford B. Hayes joined the protest: "Many, if not most, of our Indian wars have had their origin in broken promises and acts of injustice on our part." 3.
Helen Hunt Jackson, a novelist and poet, focused attention on the Indian cause in A Century of Dishonor. The interaction between Native Americans and white people was very hostile. Most white people didn't treat the Native Americans with respect. The settlers that came just saw them as obstacles in the way of making their money. The relationship between the white people and the Native Americans was very nonexistent. The white people didn't think much about the fact that they were taking the Native American's homes away from them. Henry Dawes was trying to change the Native Americans into farmers. Which leads to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. This was sponsored by Senator Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts, the act divided the land of any tribe, granting 160 acres to each head of a family a lesser amounts to others. 4.
To protect the Indians' property, the government held it in trust for twenty-five years, after which the owner won full title and became a US citizen. 5.
The population of bison from 1750-1920. (GI) 6.
Pile of bison skulls after a massive hunt by the white people. (GI)
The lasting legacy...
1. Tindell, George Brown; Shi, David E. (2012) America: A Narrative History (Eighth
ed.) (Vol. 2), 774.
2. Ibid, 774.
3. Tindell, George Brown; Shi, David E. (2012) America: A Narrative History (Eighth
ed.) (Vol. 2), 775.
4. Ibid, 775.
5. Ibid, 775.
6. Saving Wildelife. "Bison." In Wildlife Conservation Society, edited by unknown, 2008. Visited on Oct. 23.
7. Nation. " Poverty compounds tough reservation life for Indian youths" In USA TODAY, edited by Ken BlackBird, 2005. Visited on Oct. 23.