Albert Einstein

By: Emily Davis

Early Life and Education

Albert Einstein was born in Ulm Germany on March 14, 1879, to parents Hermann and Pauline Einstein. At the age of five, he attended Catholic Elementary School for three years, and then at the age of eight he transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium to finish his primary and secondary schooling. Due to his fathers failed business, his family moved around a lot. In 1900, he graduated from ETH with a degree in physics. He tried to find a teaching job, but was unable to obtain work. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. And then, in 1905, he obtained his doctor's degree in physics. Einstein faced many hardships during his early life. He struggled from late speech development and some medical professionals would describe his behavior as symptomatic of autism or Asperger's Syndrome. However, later on in is life he showed no signs of these disabilities and had no difficulty communication, creating close friendships, and passionate relationships.

Major Contributions to Physics

Albert Einstein is known for his theory of relativity. In the theory of special relativity, Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels. This theory developed between 1907 and 1915, and is still used in many technologies we use today, for example, the Global Positioning System. Because of Einstein's major contributions to physics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Einstein should be a wonderful example to everyone that no matter your childhood or your weaknesses, you can overcome anything you set your mind to.

Theory of Relativity Explained

Albert Einstein, in his theory of special relativity, determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels. As a result, he found that space and time were interwoven into a single continuum known as space-time. Events that occur at the same time for one observer could occur at different times for another. As he worked out the equations for his general theory of relativity, Einstein realized that massive objects caused a distortion in space-time.

Degrees Earned

Below is a list of the degrees Einstein earned throughout his lifetime.


-1919: University of Rostock - Honorary doctorate

-1919: University of Rostock - Honorary doctorate

-1921: Princeton University - Honorary doctorate

-1922: Nobel Foundation, Stockholm - Nobel Prize in Physics for the year 1921

-1923: University of Madrid - Honorary doctorate

-1923: Order "Pour le mérite" - Admission to the order

-1923: Genootschap ter Bevordering van Natuur-, Genees- en Heelkunde - Genootschaps Medal

-1925: Royal Society of London - Copley Medal

-1926: Royal Astronomical Society - Gold Medal

-1929: German Physical Society - Max-Planck-Medal

-1930: ETH (Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule), Zurich - Honorary doctorate

-1931: Oxford University - Honorary doctorate

-1934: Yeshiva College, New York - Honorary doctorate

-1935: Franklin Institute, Philadelphia - Benjamin Franklin Medal

-1935: Harvard University - Honorary doctorate

Death

Albert Einstein died due to internal bleeding on April 18, 1955 in Princeton, NJ. One interesting thing that occurred during his autopsy was the pathologist of Princeton Hospital, Thomas Stoltz Harvey, removed Einstein's brain for preservation without the permission of his family, in the hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent. We are just starting to understand his brain today.
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