Industrial Revolution PRRIISE

By: Dyana, Lauren, and Kayla

P- Power and Authority

-Manufacturer Owners

-Britain, who had all of the money to be able to exploit their natural resources and create all of the big machines and factories, and who also had the education to be able to build these things. They are also the start of the first industrial revolution.

-China and Japan, who were the major powers on the eastern side of the world.

-Congress of Vienna was the new balance of power for European territories.

-Luddites, who were the first protestors for better wages and working conditions.

-Queen Victoria, pushed for child labor laws.

R-Religion

-Manufacturer owners had their workers still continue to work on Sundays, even though it was a Holy Day, which infuriated the church.

-German states were mostly Catholic, and they feared Protestant Prussia.

-Religion served the purpose of the capitalists.

-Queen Victoria had a sense of duty and a moral respectability reflected the attitudes of her age.

R- Revolution

-As liberalism and nationalism grew, the forces of change erupted in the Revolutions of 1848 which caused another French Revolution.

-The Austrian Empire had it's problems that eventually led to a revolutionary actions.

-Technological changes based on newly developed, inanimate sources of power that led to the extensive use of machinery.

- In 1848, a revolt broke out against the Austrians in Lombardy and Venetia. Revolutionaries in other Italian states also took up arms and sought to create liberal constitutions and a unified Italy

I- Interaction between Cultures

-The British and Indians traded cotton, eventually the British ran the Indian companies out of business.

-Russians invaded the Turkish Balkan provinces of Moldavia and Walachia. In response, the Ottoman Turks declared war on Russia. This is called the Crimean War.

-In the mid-nineteenth century industrialization had spread to France, Germany, Belgium, and the United States.

I- Interaction With the Environment

-In the 1800's, a man named Charles Darwin did a study on the environment and discovered that each kind of plant and animal had evolved over a long period of time from earlier and simpler organisms. He called this principal organic evolution. He also believed that some organisms can survive better in certain environments, and this is called natural selection.

-With all the urbanization happening, it intensified pollution. It dramatically increased the magnitude and severity of air and water pollution. The burning of fossil fuels unleashed vast amounts of chemicals into the air. The tainted water supplies and horrid living conditions led to periodic epidemics of cholera & typhus, and dysentery & tuberculosis.

-A lot of girls, who worked in the textiles, had to return home to the country because of the polluted air affecting their lungs.

-By the late nineteenth century, the government improved municipal water supplies, expanded sewage systems, and introduced building codes that outlawed construction of rickety tenements yo accommodate poorly paid workers.

S- Science and Technology

- James Hargreaves: Spinning Jenny

-Richard Arkwright: Water Frame

- John Kay: Flying Shuttle

- James Watt: improved upon the Steam Engine

- Edmund Cartwright: Water-Powered Loom

- Cyrus McCormick: Horse-drawn Reaper

- Eli Whitney: Cotton Gin

E- Economics

-Machine production raised worker productivity, and encouraged economic specialization.

- The industrial Revolution put Great Britain "in the green"

- The unique economic relationship between Europe and the Americas gave Great Britain additional ecological relief.

-The railroad stimulated economic stimulated economic development.

-By 1900, The U.S. had become THE economic power house.

-Economic problems were generated by capitalism and industrialization.

-Industry brought both economic and military power.