Karlene Armstrong


Pakistan has a weak multiparty government that has swung between Democratic governments and unelected authoritarian leaders for decades. For half of its almost 60-year history, Pakistan has been ruled by the military. The government consists of an elected Prime Minister, a President, and a Parliament with a Senate and National Assembly. The prime minister is the head of government and the president (elected by the legislature) is the head of state. They also have Ministers in charge of government divisions such as education and tourism. The different branches of military include the Army, Navy, Air Force, Civil Armed Forces, and the National Guard. The members are from a variety of ethnic groups.


Pakistan has a per-capita gross domestic product of about $450 leading it to be considered a low-income country. Lack of social services, high population growth, low economic growth, and increasing inflation has lead to an increased poverty and unequal income distribution. The sluggish global economy, unstable security, energy, and political situation has decreased foreign investments. The main export is cotton sent to the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. There main imports include petroleum, machinery, chemicals, and animal products.


Due to Pakistan being mostly muslim, they do not eat pork and spices and curry are essential parts of their recipes. There are no caste systems. There is high-income, middle-income, and a large number of low-income people. The majority of women stay at home and the men are the head of the home. Most women work in fields such as nursing and teaching. There has been an increased number of crimes involving women. It was originally formed as an islamic nation, but still have small groups of Buddhists, Christians, Parsi, and Hindu. They are strong in literature, focusing their writings on their religious beliefs. The national language is Urdu. Pakistan is a sports-loving country, their national game is hockey but they also enjoy wrestling, cricket, football, squash, etc. The national dress is Shalwar Kameez. Festivals are very crucial to the culture of Pakistan.
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