Computer History From 1980-1984

By: Sean Kenny

Table of Contents


~Atari Games.




~Osborne 1

~One Hardcore Gamer


~Commodore 64

~Time Magazine



~Apple's Lisa

~Lotus 1-2-3


~ AT&T

~Apple's MacIntosh

Computer History From 1980-1984


1980: Atari Games

Atari became the first company to patent two games, furthering the idea for computer game companies to become successful. The two first games were called "Asteroids" and "Lunar Landar". Both weren't extreme successes but, they pushed along the succes of the computer business.

1980: RISC

IBM came out with RISC, a Reduced Instruction Set Computer, was a computing architecture that founded the base for all computer chips of today. It was easier to process things using this method and sped up the computers processing speed. Today CISC (Complex Instruction Set Compter) exists within most computers and PCs. They run just about the exact same way that the RISC ran back in the 80's.


1981: IBM PC

One of the main events in 1981 is IBM finally reaching out to the market with a desirable computer called the IBM Personal Computer. On its release date of Aug. 12, 1981, it brought the PC into the home and furthered the idea of people being able to bring the computer into the home.

1981: Osborne 1

Also that year, Adam Osborne put out the first successful portable computer. He conveniently named it the Osborne 1 and it was quickly adapted by other companies, except with more success. The original version weighed only 25 lbs. and wouldn't normally be called "portable".

Adam Osborne

Adam Osborne was born in Thailand in 1939 to a British family. He moved back to England to get a degree in chemical engineering. He moved to America where he conceptualized his idea for the Osborne 1. He later would move back to India where he was raised with his sister and finished the rest of his life there. He died on March 26, 2003.

1981: One Hardcore Gamer

An interesting fact that occurred in 1981 had to do with the computer game business. A young man by the name of Jeff Dailey died of a heart attack after playing the computer game Berzerk and posting a high score of 16,600 points to the leader board.


1982: Commodore 64

The Commodore 64 is one of the most successful computers ever allowing the home computer to become a far more realistic idea. It was sold at a price of around $595, a far more reasonable price than many computers at the time were being sold for. In its time being sold to the general market, it made over $13.09 billion and sold 22 million computers for the company Commodore. I has been recognized by The Guinness Book of world records for the best selling single computer unit. The Commodore 64 was discontinued in 1993 but is still one of the most legendary computers of all time.

1982: Emoticons

Maybe one of the most important and ingenuitive advances in technology was the invention of emoticons. Professor Scott Falman suggested the idea of the colon and parenthesis and a dash for a nose for happy and sad faces that appeared as so: :-) :-(. This began a revolution int he computer language and worked its way into the text of the day. Eventually emoticons evolved into more elaborate forms that may look like this: (/*o*)/ \(*o*\)

1982: Time Magazine

TIme Magazine made one of the most interesting statement of the year that would sum up the events of 1982. The people who worked for Time Magazine would nominate the personal computer for for the man of the year award. They would play off of this and create the "Machine of the Year Award" for that year. This statement clearly shows the importance that the computer was having on everyday life.


1983: Lotus 1-2-3

The Lotus 1-2-3, created by IBM, was on of the first spreadsheet programs for computers. It was widely popular in the 80's and became a standard format for any other spreadsheet programs in the future. It pioneered what a spreadsheet should do and its success was shown through its popularity in the business market.

1983: Apple's Lisa

Apple releases one of its computer's named Lisa the first with a graphic screen and was directed towards the business world. This enhanced the computer's likability with a clearer screen and better graphics. This is one of the reasons that computers began to take on a sleeker shape and clearer screen quality. Unfortunately, this computer was not very successful for Apple, and they learned from this for when they planned to release a new computer the next year.


1984: AT&T

Bell converted to AT&T company to kick off the new year on January 1st 1984. Its company was one of the most influential on the cellphone industry. It has become an extremely powerful company and is currently worth $61.41 billion.

1984: Apple's Macintosh

In '84, the computer company Apple released the MacIntosh its most advanced home computer, the Apple engineers idea of the perfect home computer. Originally, though, the MacIntosh was invented to be sold to students, mostly at the collegiate level. In order to advertise their new product the Apple company developed a multimillion dollar commercial to showcase their product to the world. It aired during the 1984 Superbowl and was viewed my millions of people, one of the reasons for the computers success.

1984 Apple's Macintosh Commercial

In Conclusion

~The First portable computer, the Osborne 1, is created in 1981

~Commodore 64 comes out in 1982

~Apple learns from Lisa in 1983

~Apple finds success with the MacIntosh in 1984

~Companies begin to grow like Atari Games and AT&T.