Law

The Code of Hammurabi

1750-1792 BC in Babylon. This is the earliest reported code known, with the evidence of the twelve-tables from ancient city named Ebla where they were written in hebrew.There were nearly 300 laws engraved into a half a meter black diorite.


Consequences were very tough to those who chose to disobeyed any laws. Disobeying your parents were one of the worst things you could do. the punishments were particularly rough towards the child even if not blood related. If a son of a paramour or a prostitute were to say to his adoptive mother "You are not my father or my mother." they shall get their tongue cut off. And if they were to raise their hands to their father they shall get their hands cut off. This didn't exactly contribute to the saying "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." but it has its purpose. If you were to harm anyone else the same harm would be done back to you not more and not less.


Women had it typically bad do to their rights of having their fathers make their decisions for them. A father decides if his daughter gets her hand taken in marriage. Also due to the fact that a woman cannot refuse sexual intercourse one married. Women were almost treated like property instead of people.

Napoleonic Law

Established in 1804 by Napoleon. This was the main influence code in the 19th century. This was a new set of civil laws for the french people. This code was also referred to as the french civil code. These of new laws were concerning property, colonial affairs, the family, and individual rights. The Napoleonic Code made men more powerful and in control over their families.


The Napoleonic Code was arranged into many sections of law, including commercial and criminal law. It also divided civil law into a division of property and family. The new laws made every male citizen equal to one another. Slaves were also re-introduced.

British North American Act.

Also known as the Constitutional Act. Created in Canada in the summer of 1867. Serves as support documents for Canadian constitution. Renamed to the constitutional act in 1982.


The British North American Act is a legislation that was passed by the British parliament which enabled Canada to finally self-govern themselves. This was enforced on only 4 provinces at he time which included Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick on July 1st. This meant that Canada could be a free controlled country that now could pass their own bills and laws.


The British North American Act wasn't as successful as it seemed to be for everyone in Canada. Once the bill was passed the Canadian government had authority over Aboriginals and their land which was reserved to them. This lead to many problems such as trying to remove Aboriginals from their land and trying to create them to be part of the 'white' society and follow their religious beliefs. Also while under the British North American Act Canada could not provide services such as healthcare due to the act making this cause a provincial issue.

Roman Law

First recorded in 449 BC in Ancient Rome. Served as a basis for European laws.Crimes listed in the Roman Laws had a variation called Common law which is now being used in England and United States.


The Roman law was fair for the most part. The woman during this era were mostly married by the time they reached the age of 12 or sometimes even younger. There was no evidence found to see what a woman within that era was thinking or how they were impacted by the roman laws. If a woman did not have a high statues for example wealthy or popular they were not expected to have many children. This was explained to say they did not meet the means to support them. The husband would want at least one son to take care of the farm and to leave his legacy to. Even though social statues doesn't exactly change a woman physically a wealthier woman would usually have more children.


A few principles that are still used to this day include, the right to personal property, the valid of contracts, the right to vote, the legality of will, the right to pay taxes, the right to appeal and the right to legal status of corporations. Also an accused person has the right to a defence and he will be innocent until proven guilty.