WI Involvement in the Civil War

Eleni D, Paige H, Sierra D and Brianna D

African American Soldiers from Wisconsin

  • Before the Emancipation Proclamation African-Americans weren't allowed to fight in the war
  • Two years after the Emancipation Proclamation there were 272 African-American soldiers from Wisconsin
  • Main Regiment that African-American soldiers from Wisconsin were in was Company F of the 29th Infantry
  • This Regiment was in many major battles during the second half of the war

Heroic Soldier Stories from Wisconsin

Lt. Alonzo Cushing:
  • President Obama recently honored Alonzo Cushing with a Medal of Honor
  • He got the medal because while he was in battle he got shot 3 times, but was still commands his troop and fighting
Peter T. Anderson:
  • He was in Company B of the 31st Infantry
  • During a battle Peter saved a cannon from getting captured by the Confederates even though no one one would help him at first and both sides were still shooting at them
  • He was honored with a Medal of Honor for how brave he was
Albert O' Connor:
  • Albert was Company A of the 7th Wisconsin Infantry
  • He saved a Union officer that was about to become a prisoner
  • Got a Medal of Honor for his actions
Daniel B. Moore:
  • He was born and lived in Mifflin, Wisconsin
  • While protecting Fort Blakely in Alabama one of the men from his infantry was shot and Daniel ran to go get him
Horace Ellis:
  • He was from Pennsylvania, but joined a Wisconsin Infantry
  • Got a Medal of Honor for the Battle of Globe Tavern
  • He captured one of the Confederate States of America Flag

Military Leaders

Lucius Fairchild


  • Born in Kent, Ohio, on December 27th, 1831
  • Later moved to Madison, WI
  • He enlisted to be one of the first people to join the war in 1861

Major Frederick Boardman

  • Frederick enlisted in the Civil War in 1861
  • Eventually lead the 4th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Fought in the battles of Fort St. Phillips, Fort Jackson, Vicksburg, and Baton Rouge

General Lysander Cutler

  • Lysander came to Milwaukee in 1856
  • He was the General of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry
  • Later on in the war he was assigned to recruitment

Regiments, Battalions, and Companies from Wisconsin

Regiment - A permanent unit of an army typically commanded by a colonel and divided into several companies, squadrons, or batteries


Company - A number of individuals gathered together, especially for a particular purpose


Battalion - A large body of troops ready for battle, especially an infantry unit forming part of a Brigade


Battery - A unit or subunit corresponding to a company

General Information

  • There was a total of 53 Wisconsin Regiments/Infantries, 4 Calvary Regiments, 13 Heavy Artillery groups, and 1 Light Artillery group
  • A total of 91, 327 men from Wisconsin enlisted to help fight in the War
  • There were multiple different companies within each Infantry

Iron Brigade

  • The most famous Civil War unit from Wisconsin
  • Fought in many famous battles throughout the Civil War
  • The unit got their name from a remark that George McClellan made

Company G

  • Company G was an Infantry Group
  • They were the first group of United States Sharpshooters
  • The group officially began their service in New York

First Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment

  • The First Infantry Regiment was started in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Fought in the Battle of Falling Waters
  • They only served for 3 months, and were disassembled on August 21, 1861

First Light Artillery Battery from Wisconsin

  • The First Light Artillery Battery was formed in La Crosse, Wisconsin
  • There was a total of 269 men serving in the battery
  • Remarkably, only 28 men and officers were killed during their service

Political Leaders from Wisconsin

Alexander Randall

  • Lawyer, Juge, and Wisconsin Politician
  • 6th governor of WI from 1858-1861
  • Raised the 1st army from WI to go fight in the Union Army
  • Bron in Ames NY and moved to Wisconsin in childhood
  • Was an abolitionist and probably would have made Wisconsin secede from the Union if Lincoln did not win presidency
  • Got about 91,327 young men to enlist in the Union Army
  • Training camp, known as Camp Randall was named after him

Louis P. Harvey

  • Born in Connecticut in the year 1820, and as a young man moved west to attend college at Western Reserve
  • He moved to WI in 1841 and settle in Southport (Kenosha) and opened an academy
  • He moved to more times eventually settling in Shopiere, near Beloit
  • In his political career he was very liked by the people, who choose him to be the WI delegate for the Constitutional Convention
  • He became state senator from 1854-1857, and secretary of sate from1860-1862
  • In January 1862 he became the governor of WI
  • He died on his way back from Tennessee to visit the WI soldiers who were wounded in the Battle of Shiloh
  • On April 19, 1862 Harvey drown when crossing in the dark over two boats

James Taylor Lewis

  • Born in Clarendon, NY, and moved to Columbia, WI
  • In his career he was district judge, county judge, and served two terms in both State Assembly and State Senate
  • He was elected the 9th governor of WI and the last governor to hold office during the Civil War
  • He was concerned he could not supply a sufficient amount of troop to the army, at the same time keeping then safe
  • He constantly visited the troops on the field as well as in hospitals, he also made many hospitals in WI to care for the wounded
  • He didn't want to be elected in 1865, so he wen t back to Columbia, WI to continue law practice

Wisconsin Mascot

  • Old Abe was well known in WI during the Civil War, mostly in the 8th regiment
  • bald eagle
  • Lived from May 1861 – March 26, 1881
  • Old Abe was taken by Ahgamahwegezhig or "Chief Sky" right out of his nest that he cut down
  • Chief Sky sold Old Abe for a bustles of corn, to a man named Daniel MCcann
  • MCann sold Old Abe for $2.50--to a group called the "Eau Claire Badgers"
  • Captain Perkins named the eagle after President Abraham Lincoln
  • Th bird was taken to battles, and set on a perch, James McGinnis a young soldier volunteered to take care of her
  • Old Abe was never wounded in the 37 battles he attended

Life in Wisconsin during Civil War

  • Women helped raise funds to keep soldiers healthy
  • The draft for the war was very infamous in Wisconsin, there were riots in Ozaukee County
  • One of the reasons the draft was so unpopular was because many Germans who immigrated to Wisconsin left to avoid mandatory military service
  • The civil war helped Wisconsin prosper economically, because crop prices multiplied
  • Wisconsin would have gone through a tough time economically but women immediately took over farming even if they didn't know how to
  • Women in Wisconsin during the war often also put aside their regular lives to become nurses for the soldiers
  • Women in Wisconsin also took over men's jobs at home, which gained them lots if respect
  • Between 1860-1870 the number of women in farming increased by 500%
  • Women also sent care packages to their husbands or sons that were in war to lift their spirits
  • All in all Life in Wisconsin during the war wasn't that bad because of how women took over farming and men's jobs

Training in Wisonsin

  • Most training in Wisconsin took place at Camp Randall, located in Madison
  • More than 70,000 Union soldiers trained there
  • Later the camp expanded as a hospital, and confederate soldier prison
  • Today Camp Randall is a football field for the college football team Wisconsin Badgers
  • If you visit the memorial park in Madison you can see 2 cannons used in the War
  • Some of the other bases in Wisconsin were Camp Bragg, Camp Wood, and several small camps located in Milwaukee
  • Camp Holton, renamed Camp Reno was another camp but never really got used
  • All in all Wisconsin was a great training spot for the Union Army
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Work Cited

(Sierra)

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"Horace Ellis." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

"Wisconsin Medal of Honor Recipients." Wisconsin Medal of Honor Recipients. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

"Wisconsin Medal of Honor Recipients." Wisconsin Medal of Honor Recipients. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

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(Paige)

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(Eleni)

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"Old Abe, the Civil War Battle Eagle." Old Abe, the Civil War Battle Eagle. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

"Old Abe the War Eagle." Old Abe the War Eagle. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

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(Brianna)

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