Class Project - World Cultures - Walsh Middle School

What is Islam?

Islam is a monotheist religion whose followers are called Muslims. A few key beliefs from Islam is that there is only one God Allah. They also believe in the five pillars Shahadah, Salah, Zakat, Salum, and Hajj. Shahadah is confessing your faith to the god Allah. Salah is praying 5 times a day at a mosque. Zakat is charity or almsgiving giving money and food to the poor. You also in Zakat give 2.5% of your yearly earnings to the poor. Salum is fasting especially during Ramadan. Last but not least is Hajj which is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca which most Muslims try to make at least once in a lifetime. Also they believe in angels, believe in the holy books. They also believe in the prophets Adam, Ibraham (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus), and Muhammad (may peace be upon him) is the final prophet. They also believe in the Day of Judgement which is the day when the life of every human being will be assessed to see if they go to Heaven or Hell. Finally they believe in Predestination which is the belief that Allah has already decided what will happen to you. Some traditions include the five pillars. Another tradition is the faith statement that there is only 1 god named Allah and Mohammad is his messenger. Also prayer facing mosque 5 times daily, charity , and fasting.The main place of worship for a Muslim is a mosque. A mosque is a Muslim place of worship which has very strict rules for prayer there. Some of these rules include washing your body before entering the mosque and praying 5 times a day.

Some worship leaders for the Islam religion are Imams, Marjas, and a Muezzion. An Imam is a prayer leader who leads the mosque in prayer 5 times a day. A Marja is the label provided to Shia authority, a Grand Ayatollah with the authority to make legal decisions within the confines of Islamic law for followers and less-credited clerics. Finally a Muezzion is the caller for prayer although in recent years it has been replaced with alarms. The holy books for Islam is the Qur'an which includes the Torah, Psalms, and the Injil. Some holidays for Muslims are Ramadan, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Dhu Al-Hijja, and Al-Hijja. Ramadan takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic year which Muslims observe with fasting during daytime hours. Eid-ul-Fitr is the celebration the day after Ramadan ending. Eid-ul-Adha is the second most important holliday in Islam. It celebrates the end of Hajj. Dhu Al-Hijja is the month which marks the annual pilgramige to Hajj. Al-Hijja is the Islamic new year. The holy city for Islam is Mecca which Muslims try to travel to during Hajj once in a lifetime.

The common figure for all 3 religions is Abraham. All three religions are monotheist which shows they all have the same view on God

What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?

5 Pillars of Islam - part 1 | Cartoon by Discover Islam UK
5 Pillars of Islam - part 2 | Cartoon by Discover Islam UK