1. What was the first FDA approved psychiatric medication? Do you know when it was approved?
2. What were some other types of treatments utilized before the use of psychiatric medications?
3. Why can't you rent a car until age 25?
See answers below:
There are 6 main groups of psychiatric medications
Antidepressants-used to treat depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and borderline personality disorder. Some drugs in this group take 3-5 weeks to have a noticeable effect. Examples include Prozac, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Paxil.
Stimulants-used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and to suppress the appetite. Some stimulants can be addictive and must be weaned prior to discontinuing. Examples include Caffeine, Ritalin/Concerta, Adderall.
Antipsychotics-used to treat psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Also used for psychotic symptoms occurring with other disorders such as mood disorders and can augment the action of some antidepressants. Examples include Haldol, Abilify, Seroquel, Risperdal.
Mood Stabilizers-used to treat bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder. Many of these meds cross-over for people with seizure disorders. Examples include Lithium, Depakote, Gabapentin, Olanzapine.
Anxiolytics-used to treat anxiety disorders. Generally recommended for short term use. Can cause withdrawal symptoms. Examples include Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Clonazepam.
Depressants/Hypnotics-used as sedatives, hypnotics, and anesthetics. Generally recommended for short term use. Examples include Ambien, Lunesta, Sonata.
1. Thorazine was approved in 1954 as the first psychiatric medication. Prior to 1954 patients were subject to some of the treatments listed in #2.
2. Prior to medications, patients were subject to ice baths, insulin-coma therapy (where patients were given insulin injections to drop their blood sugar to make them more sedate or even comatose), lobotomy, chemically induced seizures (because it was thought that epileptics seemed happier and calmer after having a seizure), and magnetic therapy.
3. The grey matter in the brain doesn't fully mature until age 25. Grey matter includes regions of the brain involved in muscle control, sensory perception (seeing, hearing), memory, emotions, speech, decision making, and SELF-CONTROL.