Bubonic Plague

By Maddy Epping

History

The Plague is a disease that has been around sense 165 AD. Back then Bubonic Plague was called The Black death, or The Great Plague. The Plague nearly destroyed the Roman Empire, but it all started in Asia. The Plague came into our world unnoticed, but when it finally was noticed most were already good as dead.

Religious Beliefs

Back then around the 13-1400's the Christians believed that the Black death was God's punishment for putting up with the Jews, and that it was the Jews' fault for everyone dying. The Christians would whip themselves begging God to cure their people. But when God didn't save them they decided to take matters into their own hands and would torture the Jews and bully them.

Symptoms

There are many symptoms for Plague but the main ones that were sudden fever/chills, headaches, fatigue or malaise, muscle aches, and tender/warm to the touch. These symptoms usually develop after about a week. Then you start getting the tougher symptoms that hit you full on. You develop swollen lymph nodes, neck, groin, and armpits.

Causes

The Plague is a disease of several causes. Most Plague infections are caused by infected rodents such as rabbits, rats, squirrels, prairie dogs, and chipmunks. Mainly the infection comes from infected blood or the pesticide it comes from. But you can also get it from fleas because when they bite you the pesticide that the flea is carrying infects you and then the rest is history.

Time Period

You know you have Plague when you've had 3-7 days of flu like symptoms and right after 3-4 days of Plague symptoms. You usually die right after that or your stuck with 2 more weeks of excruciating pain. But if you're really unlucky and the disease spreads to you lungs you have a pretty good chance of getting pneumonia...

Preventions

Preventing Plague is quite hard but it is obviously possible because there has been fewer and fewer outbreaks. To be safe you should take these precautions. Try not to come into physical contact with infected animals, reduce the the rodent habitat near your living quarters, and by doing that you should remove any possible rodent food/outlet for them to live on. Plus if you use some flea replant and make sure your pets get their shots you should be A OK!

Medicine

There are many antibiotics for Plague now a days but back when Plague was a popular disease and there was many more people needed it you wouldn't have been very lucky. they all have very long names that are impossible to pronounce such as Gentamicin, Doxycycline (Vibramycin), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Levofloxacin (Levaquin), Streptomycin, Tetracyclines, and Chloramphenicol. Back in the olden days doctors would dress in black robes and wear a bird mask and were completely covered so they couldn't catch the Plague. As a medication they would drain the infected patients body completely of blood until they were dead.

Complications

Complications. There are many. And by complications I mean sad things that happen to us all but some too early. Death is a sad thing. If someone got Bubonic Plague today there would be a 10% chance of you dying because of all the antibiotics. Two others are Gangrene and Meningitis, two other diseases.

Risk Factors

Back in the olden days when there wasn't any cure to Bubonic Plague it was very risky when located in an infected area. Plague was/ is common in rural areas, domestic cats, camping, hunting, and hiking, but only in infected areas. It can also be quite risky for people who work in the outdoors in infected animal areas.

Organs Affected

Technically non of your organs are affected accept for sometimes your lungs but many other parts of your body is affected. Your lymph nodes are affected because the whole disease is based on the swelling of the lymph nodes, its common if your neck, groin, and armpit swell.

Plague Around the World

Less and less outbreaks have been happening but they are still popping up. There has been 17 outbreaks in the past 14 years. 8 of them were located in The Democratic Republic of the Congo, all in between the time of February 18, 2005-November 7, 2006. Out of the 17, 1 was in South America, August 10, 2010, 14 were in Africa March 26, 2001- November 21, 2014, and 2 were in Asia, February 20, 2002 and August 11, 2009.

Stats

Between 1900-2010 there has been 999 cases, mainly in the ages 12-45. From 2000-2009 there was 11-100 probable cases of Plague in the USA, but there was the most amount of cases in that time period in Africa. In 1970-2012 there was 1000-2000 cases reported in Africa, most in the 1990's.

Madagascar

Now I'm going to go into further detail about what is happening in Madagascar. I have decided to focus more on whats happening in Madagascar because the most recent outbreak happened in Madagascar. The first case to be reported in Madagascar this year was August 31 and the most recent update was November 21. On November 21, 2014 (the most recent outbreak) 47 were killed and it caused 138 possible cases. During the time period cases have been reported in 16 different districts in 7 different regions. In the Medieval times in Europe 25 million people died from Bubonic Plague. Scientists believe that this outbreak could bring The Plague back to our modern day world and that the Medieval Europe incident might occur again in the distant future. So far the results seem to be pretty legit based on what happened in the Medieval times. But if Plague comes back it wouldn't kill very many because here in America we at least have the medicine we need to survive this deadly disease.

Facts About Plague

These are some facts that are interesting to know about Plague. The Plague began in Asia but is now mainly in Africa. There has been on and off outbreaks for decades now but only in the 20th century did we have the proper antibiotics to cure Plague. Also 2/3 of people die within 3-4 days after developing symptoms but the rest just die n the next 2 weeks.

Bibliography

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Christians whipping themselves begging God to cure Plague. Digital image.Wikipedia. Wikipedia. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Kid with a swollen neck. Digital image. Interact. Interact. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Maps and Statistics. Digital image. CDC. CDC, 23 Apr. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Picture of a Plague doctor uniform in the olden days. Digital image. Occupy Corporatism. Occupy Corporatism, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"The Plague." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 28 Nov. 2012. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

"Plague." Department of Health. Department of Health, Oct. 2011. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Plague." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 26 Mar. 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

"Plague Outbreak in Madagascar Could Spread." VOA. VOA, 25 Nov. 2014. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Plague." WHO. WHO. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.Symptoms of Bubonic Plague. Digital image. The Daily Skid. The Daily Skid, 18 June 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.