Polio

By Dayanna Yoder

{Types of Polio & Symptoms}

There are two different kinds of Polio each causing different symptoms. Asymptomatic Polio has no symptoms at all. Symptomatic Polio is broken up into 3 different forms.

1. Abortive: has flu like symptoms (sore throat, fever, diarrhea)

2. Nonparalytic: symptoms are stiff neck and sensitivity to light

3. Paralytic: causes paralysis to muscles in the body.


Most people who get Polio make a full recovery. The disease usually lasts two weeks even though damage to your nerves can last forever.

{Transmitted}

It is transmitted by ingesting fecal matter. You can also get it by drinking contaminated water and not washing your hands. Not being vaccinated can put you at higher risk for getting the disease.
Big image

{Treatment}

If you have a severe case causing paralysis doctors would ventilators as well as a machine called an iron lung to help the person breathe easier.

{Prevention}

The two best ways to prevent getting the virus are


  • to get the IPV vaccination
  • washing your hands.



The vaccine is recommended between 2 months and 6 years of age.

{Location}

Although Polio has been found in the United States, it is most common in Africa, Asia, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

{Statistics}

  • Children under 5 are mostly affected by the illness.
  • 1 out of every 200 infections leads to paralysis.
  • The last case in the United States was in 1979.
  • Once you've had the disease you can still get symptoms for up to 35 years after.
  • Polio generally lasts 2 weeks.

Bibliography

Child with polio. Digital image. Rotary International. Rotary International. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

"Polio." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Nicole A. Green. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Jan. 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.

"Polio." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

Polio Vaccine. Digital image. The Guardian. The Guardian. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

"Poliomyelitis." WHO. WHO. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.

Transmission of polio. Digital image. Skyla Project. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

"What Is Polio?" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Oct. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.