Factors influencing ageing

Hannah Alice Lumbar

Factors

Socio-economic

Income and expenditure


The economic resources that your family have can potentially make a major difference to your quality of life. An example of this is the family average amount of weekly incomes which help pay for such things like bills, clothes, food etc. The majority of the family's income comes from their wages from employment, profits from owned business if self-employed, benefits that are paid by the government for example child benefits which vary,

interest on bank accounts, money raised through sale of your property if owned.


Research has shown that sixty percent of 'median' income within the United Kingdom are shown to be living in poverty. The main key groups of individuals who have to live on a very little income include: lone parent families, unemployed, older people, sick and disabled, single earners.

Benefits available for older people include for example: bus passes and free travel for over 60's . senior railcard where people from over 60's are able to save up to a third on most standard and first class fairs throughout Britain. Free television for those ages seventy five and over, independent living fund for those under sixty six who are unfortunately severely disabled and will be entitled to money to help pay for personal care and domestic care, medical checks and support including some health services free to those aged sixty and over.


Lifestyle

Lifestyle is how an individual person spends their time and money in order to create a 'style' of living. Most individuals develop habits that relate to diet, exercise, use of alcohol. There are many ways in which lifestyle changes can be recognized for example:

Nutrition and dietary choices

Many individuals choose to eat a diet which includes all sorts of unhealthy products containing fats, salts and unwanted sugary foods. It is suggested that people do this because of convenience and this then creates a habit. Individuals with a low income will find it more difficult to be able to travel to supermarkets and stock up on cheaper foods, as a result of this it means that there are higher chances of individuals who have a lower income to eat an unhealthy diet so they will more likely be pushed to an unhealthy diet because a healthy one is more expensive.

Smoking

Smoking is the most modifiable risk for coronary heart disease, a lifetime smoker is sixty percent less likely to have the disease and thirty percent less likely to have a stoke than a smoker. In general terms smoking implicated a range of cancers, one third of cancer deaths are attributed by smoking, tobacco smoking causes lung caner.


Social isolation

Spending time alone is a positive thing, but some individuals require a more solitude than others.

Social isolation is the absence of social relationships and is consequently considered unhealthy when people spend excessive time alone, especially when they no longer benefit from the social isolation. To Socially isolating yourself can mean staying home for days, and not talking with friends sometimes even family with any form of contact.

Social isolation can result in many different ways for example: depression, shame, low-self-esteem, fears, social anxiety as well as other conditions that impair social skills can lead to isolation, it isn't always a choice.


Bereavement

Older individuals reactions after brevement can vary highly and older people that are coping with loss is not necessarily a product of being older. Other losses in an older person’s life will affect how they grieve the loss of someone close: existing health conditions can create communication and cognitive difficulties , reduced social support can also make an individual choose to socially isolate themselves, changed living arrangements and financial difficulty.

Ageism

Ageism is the potential discrimination or unfair treatment that is based upon individual age. This can impact individuals confidence, job prospects, financial situation and even their quality of life.

It can also include the way that older people are represented in the media, which may result in a wider impact on the public’s overall actions and attitudes. Examples of this is where older individuals maybe receiving a lower quality of service in a shop or restaurant because of the attitude organisations have towards older individuals and also not being eligible for benefits such as Disability Living Allowance due to age limits.


Rights within hospital

By knowing what your rights are can make you feel more confident. for example: You cannot be denied treatment because of race, religion, belief, gender, sexual orientation, disability or age, to be treated by appropriately qualified and highly experienced health and social care professionals within a in a safe environment. Receive the correct treatment, everyone should be treated with dignity and respect, involved in discussions about your care, provided with information about the risks of any examinations and treatments individuals receive, be asked if you consent to them before they start them.


End of life stage

The last stages of an individuals life can potentially be extremely stressful for either him or her. Certain changes that may be unfamiliar and emotionally upsetting.There are a variety of ways in which you can understand many physical changes occur during the process of dying that affect the emotional, social, and spiritual aspects of a person’s life.

There are some signs and symptoms of dying that are observable, although it doesn't require for everyone.

For example, those with a terminal illness, such as cancer, will start by showing a stead

decline towards death as a result, individuals are going to be more aware of the changes that occur.