Social Justice Issues

Euthanasia

What is Euthanasia?


Also called mercy killing. The act of putting to death painlessly or allowing to die, as by withholding extreme medical measures,a person or animal suffering from an incurable, especially a painful, disease or condition. (dictionary.reference.com)




Facts About Euthanasia

Statistics

Medical practitioners who support euthanasia: 54%

Public who support euthanasia for those terminally ill or on life support: 86%

Average percent of terminally ill patients who have to die in pain: 55%

How long one physician spent in jail because of assisted suicide: 8 years

Countries and places in the world where euthanasia is legal: 4


(http://www.statisticbrain.com/euthanasia-statistics/)

Types Of Euthanasia

Voluntary: when a competent person makes a voluntary request to be helped to die


Involuntary: to end a person's without their knowledge or consent


Active: by ending a person's life by the use drugs, whether with oneself or with the aid of a physician


Passive: to end a person's by not taking the necessary and ordinary measure to maintain life (e.g. Withdrawing water, food, drugs, medical and surgical procedures)


Physician-Assisted Suicide: suicide accomplished with the aid of a medical doctor intentionally providing a person with an overdose of prescription medication


Assisted Suicide: suicide accomplished with the aid of another person


(http://www.terrisfight.org/facts-about-euthanasia/)



For And Against Euthanasia

FOR:


  • It provides a way to relieve extreme pain
  • It provides a way of relief when a person's quality of life is low
  • Frees up medical funds to help other people
  • It is another case of freedom of choice



AGAINST:


  • Euthanasia devalues human life
  • Euthanasia can become a means of health care cost containment
  • Physicians and other medical care people should not be involved in directly causing death
  • There is a "slippery slope" effect that has occurred where euthanasia has been first been legalized for only
    the terminally ill and later laws are changed to allow it for other people or to be done non-voluntarily.


(http://www.euthanasia.com/proscons.html)