Reforms of the 19th Century

By: Clay Bigham

Mental Health Reform/Prison Reform

The purpose of the reform was to separate the mentally ill from the sick. Dorothea Dix was probably the most important person involved in this reform. After returning to America, in 1840-41 Dix conducted a statewide investigation of care for the insane poor in Massachusetts.
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Temperance

A temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. The American Temperance Society (ATS), also known as the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was a society established on February 13, 1826 in Boston, MA. Within five years there were 2,220 local chapters in the U.S. with 170,000 members who had taken a pledge to abstain from drinking distilled beverages. Within ten years, there were over 8,000 local groups and more than 1,500,000 members who had taken the pledge.
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Education reform

  1. Education reform is the name given to the goal of changing public education. Historically, reforms have taken different forms because the motivations of reformers have differed. In the United States, Horace Mann (1796 – 1859) of Massachusetts used his political base and role as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education to promote public education in his home state and nationwide.[7] His crusading style attracted wide middle class support.

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Womens Rights

Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide. In some places, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they may be ignored or suppressed.The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention.[1] It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman". Held in Seneca falls New York it spanned two days over July 19–20, 1848. Attracting widespread attention, it was soon followed by other women's rights conventions.
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Abolition

Abolitionism is a movement to end slavery, whether formal or informal.
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