Ancient civilization project

Incas

Let's discuss something about Incas

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Bullet points of Incas:

*Location:

1:Western side of South America

2:High in the Andes Mountains

3;Present-day Peru

4:At it's height,the Inca empire stretched from present day Ecuador to Chile


*Geography:

1:Agricultural-based society

2:Located primarily in the Andes Mountains


*Type of agriculture is below

1:Terrace farming

2:Cultivated (grew),corn,potatoes

3:Raised llama and alpaca for food and labor

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Llama and alpaca

Mummy mystery

Civilization

The Inca were a South American people who controlled a large empire that stretched along the Pacific coast from Ecuador to northern Chile. The Inca dynasty was founded at about 1200 A.D. and lasted until the end of the 16th century, when the Spanish conquerors came to South America.

The capital city of the Incan empire was Cuzco, which was located in the Andes Mountains in today’s Peru. What is left of the Inca civilization is scattered over the highlands of the Andes. The descendants of the Inca are mostly peasants who make up about half of Peru’s population.

Some artifacts of incas

The Incas were fascinated by gold and had many of their objects made from gold such as masks, scultures, figurines, pots, etc. In fact, legend has it that the emperor of Cuzco at the time had a city made entirely out of gold from the buildings and temples down to their plants and trees. It is still not sure whether this city of gold actually exists but we do know that when the Spaniards came and heard about the golden city it brought the Incas down to their knees as they were being tortured by the Spanish to tell them where the city was but the Span

Machu picchu

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It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas" (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
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Gold Llama

The gold llama figurines were buried with the dead as offerings to the Gods to ensure the fertility of the Inca herds. Llamas were the primary source of transportation therefore they played an important part in the Incas culture. Their empire was built up out of a vast mountain road system and hardy animals, such as llamas, were used to carry everything from water to building materials. Llamas also provided dung (which served as fuel and fertilizer) and wool for textiles. After their deaths, llamas provided hide for leathers and meat for food. They helped the Inca empire in so many wants therefore they were very precious animals to them
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Gold cup

One thing the Inca's could not get enough of was gold. This gold cup, may lie with thousands more of priceless items that are thought to make up the mystical lost Inca gold. This treasure was, some say hidden, in the 16th century when their companion Atahualpa was already dead
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Sun god

The Tumi is a sacrificial ceremonial knife distinctly characterized by a semi-circular blade, made of either bronze, copper, gold-alloy, wood, or silver alloy usually made of one piece and used by some Inca and pre-Inca cultures in the Peruvian Coastal Region. The Icas believed that they were descendants for the sun God, who is shown in the picture, and that was something to be celebrated.