Fabulous Facts of The Middle Ages

William Conqueror, Joan of Arc && King John

- William The Conqueror; King of England, Duke of Normandy -

Biographical Information

William the Conqueror was born in 1027 in Falasie, France. He is the son of Robert ll who is the duke of Normandy. He died September 09, 1087 in Rouen, France. Known for his intelligence and shrewdness. William was crowned first Norman King of England. William the Conqueror rules England from 1066 to 1087.

Memorable Moments

The Norman Knights defeated the Anglo-Saxons in the most famous battle of English History, The Battle of Hastings. On Christmas Day he was crowned king of England in Westminster Abbey. He changes his name to William the Conqueror after he conquerors England and the Anglo-Saxons.
“I have persecuted its native inhabitants beyond all reason. Whether gentle or simple, I have cruelly oppressed them; many I unjustly inherited; Innumerable multitudes, especially in the county of York, perished through me by famine or the sword." – William the Conqueror

Importance

William Conqueror's most significant accomplishment would be when he gained control of England when he defeated King Harold and took the crown after a great win. He also created a survey in England to help set up an accurate central tax system which is known as the Doomsday Book.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=bQ8A5gRe_Dw

- Joan of Arc; The Maid of Orleans -

Biographical Information

Joan of Arc was born in 1412 in Dom remy France. She died on May 30, 1431 in Rouen France. She is killed at the age of 19 when she is burned at the stake. Joan is a French peasant girl who wins the Battle of Orleans.

Memorable Moments

Joan was receiving visions from angles and saints telling her to request support from Charles Vll for her military mission. Things did not go as planned when she gets wounded and captured at the Battle of Compiegne then later brought into Rouen France for trial. She was burned in front of a large crowd followed by burring her ashes.
"One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you are and to live without belief, that is a fate more terrible than dying." -Joan of Arc

Importance

At the age of only 15, she leads French soldiers to victory at the Battle of Orleans. She also leads them as the standard-bearer in the Hundreds Years' War. During this war, she helps Charles VII become King of France. Joan becomes a Catholic Saint and a symbol of French Patriotism.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=gX8o6QB1FSk

- King John of England -

Biographical Information

  • King John was born on December 24, 1167 in Oxford, United Kingdom. He died on October 19, 1216 in Newark, United Kingdom. He is the son of King Henry II and eighth child of Eleanor of Aquitaine. In 1989 John married his cousin Isabelle of Gloucester.
  • Memorable Moments

    When King Johns brother died, John took the English throne.  He was later named as duke of Normandy on 25 April in Rouen, and crowned king of England on 27 May.

    Importance

    On June 15, 1215 John met at Runneymede meadow and sealed his rough draft of the Magna Carta, which was later finalized on June 19. When John died in battle on October 19 the throne was passed down to his nine year old son, Henry lll
    "Abide in peace, banish cares, take no account of all that happens, and you will serve God according to his good pleasure and rest in him." - King John