Framing Against Tyranny

Learning about the constitution.

Federalism

The constitution uses federalism to guard against tyranny. Federalism is when a federal/national government shares different powers with a state government. For example, a federal government can declare war, but a state government controls the school system. This guards against tyranny because it prevents one of the governments from being to strong, the delegates knew that to much power in one government can lead to tyranny over the people.

Separation of Powers

Separation of powers in the constitution guards against tyranny. Separation of powers is when the legislative, executive, and judicial powers are in separate bodies. This being so that all the branches of government have different powers, similar to federalism. It also makes sure so that one person can only hold power in one branch. Clearly, separation of powers is necessary for guarding against tyranny.

Checks and Balances

Checks and balances in the constitution guard against tyranny. Adding on to separation of powers, checks and balances is when all of the branches of government have a power over each other. This guards against tyranny because it makes it impossible for one branch of government to become overly powerful by having each branch have a check on each other so the power balances out. To illustrate, the executive branch has a check on legislature by the president being able to veto a bill, but legislature can impeach the president. This shows how nether branch can gain power on each other. Obviously, checks and balances guards against tyranny.

State Representation

State representation in the constitution guards against tyranny for the small state but keeps it fair for the big states. This means that there are two houses in the legislature, the House of Representatives is proportional, and the senate has two representatives per state. This guards against tyranny because it protects the small states from the big state who could swallow up the small states with more power and cause tyranny. As you can see, state reprensentation is important for guarding against tyranny for the small states.