Low Country Composers Tour

First stop Amsterdam!

Hello I am your tour guide Ethan and I will be showing you all over Europe and famous composers who lived/composed there. Here we are in our first stop Amsterdam! In Amsterdam there was one famous composer named Sweelinck. Sweelinck born in holland moved to Amsterdam and became an organist his music marked the end of the renaissance and the beginning of the Baroque eras. Kept family tradition and succeeded his father after he died.

Next stop Hainaut, France where Josquin des Prez was born.

Josquin’s early life has been the subject of much scholarly debate, and the first solid evidence of his work comes from a roll of musicians associated with the cathedral in Cambrai in the early 1470s. During the late 1470s and early ’80s, he sang for the courts of René I of Anjou and Duke Galeazzo Maria Sforza of Milan, and from 1486 to about 1494 he performed for the papal chapel. Sometime between then and 1499, when he became choirmaster to Duke Ercole I of Ferrara, he apparently had connections with the Chapel Royal of Louis XII of France and with the Cathedral of Cambrai. In Ferrara he wrote, in honour of his employer, the mass Hercules Dux Ferrariae, and his motet Miserere was composed at the duke’s request. He seems to have left Ferrara on the death of the duke in 1505 and later became provost of the collegiate church of Notre Dame in Condé.

Next stop the Antwerp Cathedral in Belgium! Where the famous composer Jean de Ockeghem performed!

Jean de Ockeghem a famous composer of sacred and secular music was one of the great masters of the Franco-Flemish style that dominated European music of the Renaissance. Ockeghem’s earliest recorded appointment was as a singer at Antwerp Cathedral in1443–1444. He served similarly in the chapel of Charles, Duke de Bourbon (1446–48), and later in the royal chapel. He was chaplain and composer to two successive French kings, Louis XI, and Charles VIII.
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Next Stop Naples where Orlando di lasso performed!

Orlando di Lasso born in 1530/32, Spanish Hainaut—died June 14, 1594, Flemish composer whose music stands at the apex of the Franco-Netherlandish style that dominated European music of the Renaissance. As a child he was a choirboy at St. Nicholas in Mons and because of his beautiful voice was kidnapped three times for other choirs. He was taken into the service of Ferdinand of Gonzaga, general to Charles V, and travelled with the imperial army in its French campaign in 1544. He accompanied Gonzaga to Italy in 1544, where he remained for 10 years. From 1553 to 1554 he was chapel master of the papal church of St. John Lateran at Rome, a post later held by Palestrina.
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Our Second to last stop in the Cambrai Cathedral where Guillaume Dufay performed

Guillaume Dufay was born in 1400—died Nov. 27, 1474, in Cambrai Bishopric of Cambrai. He was a French composer noted for both his church music and his secular chanson.

Dufay was chorister at the Cambrai cathedral (1409), entered the service of Carlo Malatesta of Rimini in 1420, and in 1428 joined the papal singers. In 1426 he became a canon of Cambrai. After seven years with the Duke of Savoy he lived at Cambrai from about 1440 and supervised the music of the cathedral. He took a degree in canon law about 1445 and in 1446 became a canon of Mons. Dufay’s surviving works include 87 motets, 59 French chansons, 7 Italian chansons, 7 complete masses, and 35 mass sections.

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Now our final stop in the court of Burgundy with the famous composer Gilles Binchois made music.

Gilles Binchois born in 1400, Mons, Hainaut (now in Belgium) died September 20, 1460, Soignies, near Mons), Flemish composer of church music and of secular chansons that were among the finest of their genre, being notable for their elegance of line and grave sweetness of expression. The upper voice in Binchois’s mostly three-part songs is considered to be particularly lyrical.

Gilles’s father, Jean de Binche, was connected to the court of Hainaut. Binchois was in Paris in 1424 serving William de la pole, earl (later duke) of Suffolk, and returned with him to Hainaut in 1425. In 1430 Binchois joined the chapel of Phillip the 3rd of Burgundy, where he remained until his death, eventually becoming second chaplain and cantor. The Burgundian court was in most ways the predominant court of the region, and it was equated by those who enjoyed the duke’s patronage with the court of ale. Binchois was joined there by the likes of fellow composer Guillaume Dufay and Flemish painter Jan van Eyck who is believed to have painted a portrait of Binchois. By 1437 Binchois had become canon at Mons, Soignies, and Cassel.

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Thanks for coming Hope you enjoyed the tour!