The Korean War
By: Sydney Neuweg
The Korean War began on June 25, 1950 when 75,000 North Korean People's Army soldiers poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. By July, American soldiers were involved on South Korea's behalf. After some early back-and-forth across the 38th parallel, the fighting stalled, and American officials tried to sort some sort of armistice with North Korea. In July, 1953, the Korean War came to an end. North and South Korea are still divided today.
The Causes of War
As far as American officials were concerned, the Korean war was a war against the forces of international communism itself. The underlying reason that the Korean War broke out was because it was just another episode in the ongoing Cold War between the USA and the USSR. The Korean War seemed to be a war between North and South Korea, but really the 'superpowers' were just using it as a front to combat each other without actually going into a war, which would have ended up being mutually assured destruction. The trigger for the war was when in 1950, Syngman Rhee boasted that he was going to attack North Korea, therefore pursuing North Koreans to invade South Korea.
Effects of the War
The Korean War brought many different effects to Korea, but also the world itself. The Korean War was the most destructive and brought economic and social damage to the countries. But the Korean War also boosted the economy of both Japan and the US. The Korean War legitimized the United Nations and led to further expansion of military power. The war showed the growing anti-communist feeling across the US.
4 million Koreans died, China lost up to 1 million soldiers and the US suffered 36,934 deaths. Other UN nations suffered 3322 deaths.
Battle of Pork Chop Hill
March - July 1953. Fought in the north of Yeoncheon, Korean.
President of the US during the Korean War. Truman described the war as a "police action".