Rocks & Minerals

by Halle Reach

The difference between rocks and minerals is a naturally occurring whereas rocks are many minerals combined and may include organic remains.

Characteristics of Minerals

Forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite chemical makeup, and has a crystal structure

Types of Minerals

Antimony: lead, bearing metal, and foil

Barium: Paper and rubber

Beryllium: Fluorescent lamps

Copper: Cables, wires, switches, plumbing, and heating

Feldspar: In glass

Fluorite: Used in pottery and ceramics

Gallium: Used in chemotherapy for some cancers

Gold: Jewelry and dentistry

Gypsum: Cement manufacturing

Halite: Soap, photography

Characteristics of Rocks

Solid, made in nature, made up of one or more minerals

Types of Rocks

Coal: Used in power plants for electricity

Limestone: Glass, fiberglass, paper

Shale: In bricks and cement

Conglomerate: Used in construction

Granite: Used for monuments and in kitchens

Marble: Architectural or ornamental purposes