The Stanislavski System
By: Grace Lu 2nd Furnish
“Every other artist may create whenever he is in the mood of inspiration. But the artist of the stage must be the master of his own inspiration and must know how to call it forth when it is announced on the posters of the theatre. This is the chief secret of our art.”
- Disliked "artificial" and overly dramatic acting popular at the time
- Created techniques in which the actor was believed, instead of merely recognized or understood
- Inspired by Artistic, Literary, and Scientific Theories such as
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY: the relationship between physical actions and psychological emotions
- Actor takes on his/own personality
- Realistic relationships between characters
- Magic If: putting yourself in the situation
- Emotional Memory: recalling past experiences
Stanislavski did not intend to create his own system.
1897: Started Moscow Arts Theatre (MAT) Acting Company with Nemirovich Danchenko
1898: Produced "The Sea Gull"
1900s:MAT adapts the Stanislavski System.
1911: Formed a studio
Taught Richard Boleslavsky and Maria Ouspenskya, who later moved to teach in the United States.
1923: MAT tours the United States
1931: AMERICAN GROUP THEATRE (Harold Clurman, Cherly Crawford, Lee Strasburg)
28 actors (permanent ensamble)
Emotional Memory was a debated issue
Method Acting created by Lee Strasburg
1938: "An Actor Prepares" by Stanislavksi (he was always changing his technique, and very hesitant on publishing his work)