The Native Americans
The Natives in the new world
The new world natives were what we call now the Native Americans. The different tribes were:
- Anasazi (Ancestors of Pueblo) 500-1200 A.D.
- Adena (or the Eastern woodlands people) 700 B.C.
- Hopewell (or Eastern woodlands people) 300 B.C.
- Mississippians 800 B.C.
- The Anasazi built dams, ditches, and canals to bring rainwater to the bottoms on the canyon floor from the tops of Mesa.
- They built houses out of adobe and stone. These buildings were apartment like and were mostly found in plazas. Multistoried.
- The middle of the civilization was called the pueblo bonito. The pueblo bonito held more than 1000 people.
- Pueblo bonito built roads for trading networks
- Made turquoise jewelry, wove baskets and made black on white pottery
- The Anasazi heavily influenced art for the late tribes such as Hopi and Zuni (two largest pueblo groups today)
- Lived in Ohio valley region around 700 B.C
- They grew things such as squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley
- They produced great copper jewelry and cool pottery
- Made burial mounds made up of logs covered by lots of dirt
- Lived in Ohio valley around 300 B.C
- Built mysterious mounds up to 40 feet high and 100 feet wide!
- Had extensive trade network
- Both the Adena tribe and the Hopewell tribe referred to as "mound builders"
- Lived in Mississippi valley around 800 A.D
- Used plants for food and also grew corn and beans to increase population
- Population went up and the Mississippians needed more land
- In center of Cahokia was a gigantic mound
- Around gigantic mound were 120 small mounds
***all mississippian tribes collapsed in the 1300s but influenced eastern woodlands people through their agricultural practices of large scale farming with beans and corn and mound building***