The Native Americans

The Natives in the new world

The Natives

The new world natives were what we call now the Native Americans. The different tribes were:

  1. Anasazi (Ancestors of Pueblo) 500-1200 A.D.
  2. Adena (or the Eastern woodlands people) 700 B.C.
  3. Hopewell (or Eastern woodlands people) 300 B.C.
  4. Mississippians 800 B.C.

The Anasazi

  • The Anasazi built dams, ditches, and canals to bring rainwater to the bottoms on the canyon floor from the tops of Mesa.
  • They built houses out of adobe and stone. These buildings were apartment like and were mostly found in plazas. Multistoried.
  • The middle of the civilization was called the pueblo bonito. The pueblo bonito held more than 1000 people.
  • Pueblo bonito built roads for trading networks
  • Made turquoise jewelry, wove baskets and made black on white pottery
  • The Anasazi heavily influenced art for the late tribes such as Hopi and Zuni (two largest pueblo groups today)
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The Adena

  • Lived in Ohio valley region around 700 B.C
  • They grew things such as squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley
  • They produced great copper jewelry and cool pottery
  • Made burial mounds made up of logs covered by lots of dirt
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The Hopewell

  • Lived in Ohio valley around 300 B.C
  • Built mysterious mounds up to 40 feet high and 100 feet wide!
  • Had extensive trade network
  • Both the Adena tribe and the Hopewell tribe referred to as "mound builders"
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The Mississippians

  • Lived in Mississippi valley around 800 A.D
  • Used plants for food and also grew corn and beans to increase population
  • Population went up and the Mississippians needed more land
  • In center of Cahokia was a gigantic mound
  • Around gigantic mound were 120 small mounds

***all mississippian tribes collapsed in the 1300s but influenced eastern woodlands people through their agricultural practices of large scale farming with beans and corn and mound building***

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