Jimmy Carter

Brady Knippa

Election

  • The election was in 1976
  • Carter was democratic and former governor of Georgia
  • He ran against Republican candidate Gerald Ford, who was the governor of Michigan
  • Carter won the electoral vote 297 to 240
  • He also won the popular vote 40,831,881 to 39,148,634
  • Carter carried 23+D.C while Ford carried 27
  • Carter received 50.1% while Ford received 48%
  • He became first president to come out of the Deep South since Zachary Taylor in 1848

Humanitarian Effort

  • He founded the Carter Center in 1982
  • Big contributor in the expansion of Habitat for Humanity
  • Participated in the “The Elders” a group of independent global leaders focused on human rights issues and keeping peace
  • Received many awards for human rights and humanitarian aid
  • Carter was known and remembered as one of the greatest humanitarians in history
  • Most of his focus in human rights were to foreign countries, especially those in Latin America

Economic Issues

  • In 1977, Carter convinced the Democratic-controlled Congress to create The Department of Energy due to the Energy Crisis
  • Carter set oil and natural gas price controls - In addition, he signed the National Energy Act and the Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act.
  • The signing of these policies encouraged energy conservation and development of natural energy resources like solar and wind power.
  • In 1979, Carter began the process of deregulating the oil industry. He started this process by lessening government control on oil allocations.
  • In the second half of Carter’s presidency, there was slow economic growth and an oil shortage.
  • OPEC doubled the price of crude oil causing inflation to rise to above 13% in 1980
  • Carter asked Congress to impose price controls on energy, but was unable to secure the passage of these measures.

Iranian Hostage Crisis

  • The Iranian Hostage Crisis took place from November 4, 1979-January 20, 1981
  • It was a group of Iranian students who supported the Revolution took 52 Americans hostage for 444 days in the US Embassy
  • Iranians motive - they feared another American coup of their own government, as they had previously seen in 1953.
  • After the takeover of the embassy occurred, the Iranians released 13 African Americans and women because of their declared solidarity for oppressed minorities and women.
  • After many rescue attempts by the US, they scattered the hostages all over Iran, making rescue impossible
  • Some of the hostages went on a hunger strike, while others attempted suicide