Developing Countries Research Task
A bit about Botswana
Botswana is a landlocked country located in southern Africa. It is a vey flat country, and up to 70% is covered by the Kalahari Desert. Botswana is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Although poorly defined, but it also boarders Zambia to the north near Kazungula Zambia but this border only stretches a few hundred meters long.
Population of Botswana
Common scene in Botswana, with little ground greenery as there is not enough water for grass to grow, leading to the failure 96% of the populations crops.
Due to the lack of water, the drought and lead to the death of many native plants, leaving animals without shelter from the hot sun.
Due to the lack of surface water, and wild animals inability to drill for ground water, much of the wildlife population is dying off due to drought.
Major issues within the country
Drought: Botswana has been devastated by drought over the last decade. In Botswana there is so little rain fall that the surface water that comes from the rain is only able to sustain 5% of the population each year. Botswana relies on water being brought into them from neighboring countries which means the price of water is very expensive due to the transporting costs. Due to recent advances, people of Botswana are now able to access some water from the ground (ground water). This has been able to ease the effects of the drought but has taken its toll on the land.
Desertification: Desertification is a type of land degeneration that is sweeping though Botswana. Desertification is when dry land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water, as well as vegetation and wildlife, meaning that no crops are able to survive resulting in a severer lack of food which is unable to sustain the population.
Life expectancy of the people in Botswana
Top 20 causes of death in Botswana
- Coronary heart disease
- Influenza and phenomena
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Diarrhea diseases
- Lung disease
- road traffic accidents
- Other injuries
- Low birth weight
- Kidney disease
- Endocrine disorders
- Inflammatory /heart
- Congenital anomalies
- Breast cancer
Net primary school enrollment
Adult literacy rate in Botswana
Gross domestic product per capita in Botswana
Human development index rating of Botswana
The human development index is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living for countries worldwide. Botswana's current human development index rating is 98.
Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources in Botswana
The under 5 mortality rate in Botswana
The under 5 mortality rate in Botswana was lat reported at 47.70 (per 1,000) in 2010.