Nobel Prize of Chemistry (1996)

Daniel Jang, Kenneth Jang, Emma Johnson

What did they do?

  • Scientific Method

- In order to understand the composition of carbon rich stars, they set up an experiment to vaporize graphite with lasers.

- When they analyzed the results, they found a large number of exceptionally stable carbon molecules (Carbon Chains). So they started building models of them to discovered how it was configured.

  • Results

- They discovered new forms of the element carbon called fullerenes that come in very stable spheres

- A fullerene is the roundest molecule discovered

What did they do to win?

  • Significance

- found the carbon chains

- also unexpectedly found that the chain had 60 carbon atoms.

  • What did they prove/challenge?

- proved the existence of carbon vapor through spectrum

  • What did they help to prove later

- helped find endohederal fullerenes that had a metal atom inside the hollow carbon shell

- fullerenes can be applied on nanotechnology, such as cellphone microchips.

Sir Harold Kroto, Nobel Laureate Chemistry 1996, Interview 2009

Henry Croto's Interview Regarding Nobel Chemistry Prize of 1996

Talks about his and his partner's motives regarding the discovery of fullerenes