By: Olivia Heid

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Basic Information

  • Currently, Thailand has about 67,976,405 people.
  • The capital is Bangkok.
  • The king of Thailand is Bhumibol Adulyadej. He is the head of state but the Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • Thailand is ruled under a monarchy.
  • Central Thai is the main language. Other languages include: Lau, Khmer, Malay, Chinese, and English.
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In big cities western style clothes are common but in the villages most people wear traditional clothes. Famers usually wear straw hats. Women go to salons a lot in the early morning to get their hair braided. Women wear a simple shirt and a sarong or pathung. Men will wear pants and a shirt in public but will usually change into a pa kao ma at home. Mountain people wear intricate traditional headdresses. sandals are very popular but shoes are worn in formal events. students wear uniforms to school.


Dinner is eaten always as a family. Breakfast and lunch are usually eaten separately because of peoples different schedules. People hold a spoon in their right hand and a fork in the left. They use the fork to push food into the spoon. Knives are never necessary. Rural families usually eat around a straw mat. In northern parts of Thailand people eat steamed rice with their fingers, but they use chopsticks for noodle dishes. People are always encouraged to eat as much as they can. Urban families eat out alot.


Education is free until 12th grade. 9 years of schooling is required. Most children between the ages of three and five attend anubon. In anubon the teachers teach manners. Prathom is divided into two levels: grades one through three and grades four through six. Almost all children attend school. Mattayom is also divided into two levels: First through third grade and fourth through sixth grade. In secondary school students may choose to be put in work sites to learn the trade of the job. Right now, about half of the upper class students are apart of this program.

Thai land has both public and private schools. Public schools are often understaffed because lots of teachers want to teach at the private schools. Uniforms are worn by all students and uniforms are paid for by parents. Class sizes are generally large. Teachers are given a huge amount of respect. The school curriculum alot of attention to math and science. College students are very competitive and most students study in Bangkok.


Soccer, table tennis, badminton, volleyball, and basketball are the most popular sports. They also enjoy sepak takraw, a traditional sport in which the players try to keep a ball off the ground with only their feet, and kite flying. Bicycling and jogging are very common and there are many trails designated for it. Many parks have areas where Tai Chi and other aerobics are practiced. Martial arts are practiced a lot by youth. Muay Thai is also a very popular sport that is aired on Sundays. Muay Thai is like Thai wrestling Track and Golf are very common school sports.


Religion is very important when it comes to Thai art. Buddhist Temples are magnificent with mosaics, tiled roofs, and carvings of mythical creatures. Murals of nature are also common. Thailand's literature is pretty much completely based off of traditional stories. The Ramakian is based of of the Ramayana. Ramakian is an Indian epic that tells the story of Rama, a Hindu god. A Khon is a masked play. Younger people enjoy dancing. Thai dance is mostly influenced by India. American-Style break dancing is very popular. Lots of artists are skilled with silk glazed ceramics, weaving, wood carvings, mother-of-pearl inlay, and metalwork.





"Thailand." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 6 May 2016.