Teaching Tip #29 Prereading Plan

Taylor Spratt

Grade Levels:

  • Grades 6th-8th
  • English Language Learners

Content Focus:

  • Vocabulary
  • Comprehension
  • Specific content areas

Why Use:

  • Builds background knowledge.
  • Introduces new vocabulary.
  • Increases interest.
  • Allows teachers to gauge student knowledge about a topic.
  • Benefits English language learners.

When to Use:

  • Before or during a thematic unit.
  • Before beginning a new chapter in a specific content area.
  • Before reading ANY new material.

Steps in a Prereading Plan:

  1. Discuss a key concept. Teacher introduces a topic using a word, phrase, object, or picture.
  2. Brainstorm. Think of words about the topic and record them on a chart.
  3. Introduce vocabulary. Teachers add new words to the list that will assist the students in the assignment. The teacher also clarifies misconceptions.
  4. Quickwrite. Student writes about the topic using the words brainstormed.
  5. Share. The writing can be shared to the class or small groups. The teacher further clarifies misconceptions.
  6. Read. While reading, the students relate new information to the word list.

Standard Connections:

  • Students identify the central idea and explain how details support it.
  • Students integrate information presented visually with the print text.
  • Students clarify the meaning of academic vocabulary.