Cells

Anthony Johnson

Endoplasmic Reticulum and Mitochondria

Endoplasmic Reticulum:

- Rough- pebbled shape

- endoplasme retoidem is collected and transported through the cell

Smooth- it has bound vesicles and tubules

- it breaks down of lipid-soluble and controls calcium releases

- in animal and plant cells


Mitochondria:

- has a double membrane

- its outer layer is smooth but that inner layer is convoluted

- it provides energy a cell needs and the power at the center

- in animals and plant cells

Nucleus and Ribosomes

Nucleus:

- The nucleus is the brain of the cell which controls everything within the cell. DNA is stored in in the nucleus.

- are in animals and plant cells


Ribosomes:

- The ribosomes carry out proteins of synthesis for the nucleus. It brings together things such as RNA and amino acids to make proteins.

- There is a small and large subunits

- are in animals and plant cells

Cell Membrane and Cytoskelton

Cell Membrane:

- cell membranes surround the cell and regulate substances that enter and exit.

- These membranes also protect the inner cell from outside forces

- are in both animal and plant cells


Cytoskeleton:

- makes up the internal framework

- It is important for cell movement and cell division

- are in both animal and plant cells

Cytoplasm and Golgi Apparatus

Cytoplasm:

- semi-fluid substance inside the cell.

- The cytoplasm encases and cushions and protects the internal organelles.

- in both animals and plant cell


Golgi Apparatus:

- used for shipping goods created by the ER and ribosomes to the rest of cell.

- are in animal and plant cells

Chloroplast and Lysosomes

Chloroplast:

- they use sunlight to create energy for the city.

- only found in plant cells


Lysosomes:

- digestive sacs that can break down macromolecules in the cell using the process of hydrolysis.

- help keep excessive or bulky macromolecules from building up in the cell

- found in animal and plant cells

Vacuole and Peroxisomes

Vacuole:

- Hold many substances from organic molecules to simple excess water

- Plant cells have a central vacuole that is important in maintaining plant turgidity

- found in both animal and plant cells


Peroxisomes:

- converts fat into sugar and uses it in chloroplasts

Centrioles and Nucleolus

Centrioles:

- ring of 9 groups of fused microtubules

- 3 microtubules in each group

- found in animal cells


Nucleolus:

- provides ribosomes, which moves the nucleus and take positions on rough endoplasmic reticulum where they are critical in the protein synthes

Chromatin and Nuclear Membrane

Chromatin:

- package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell

- found in both animal and plant cell


Nuclear Membrane:

- separates the fluids inside the nucleus, from the fluids outside the nucleus.

- double-layered membrane

- Found in both animal and plant cells

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