Traumatic Brain Injury
What is a TBI?
Major Characteristics and Deficits of a TBI
- Any period of time of loss/decreased level of consciousness
- Any loss of memory for events immediately before or after the injury
- Any change in mental state at the time of the injury (confusion, disorientation, slowed thinking)
- Weakness, loss of balance, change in vision or other sensory alterations
Very few students receive special education for a TBI (about 0.4%) and it is while they are healing or going through rehabilitation. About 48% attend a school day and only about 79% finish the day.
Accommodations in Schools
Technology and creative thinking are good ways to get a student with a TBI involved and help regain skills.
- Students with communication deficits can use voice output devices
- Memory loss can be helped by keeping a memory book or use a tape recorder to note things to themselves during the day.
- Labeling, Calendars, and Planners help students with cognitive deficits to help keep organized and on task.
- Extra time because it takes them more time to process.
Accomodations at Home
- Still going to need the same devices that would be used in school (voice output, tape recorder)
- Have labels around the house to help with identifying and language.
- Planners to help plan their day
- Play with interactive apps to practice skills in a fun way
This is a great link that explains all types of apps to help people with brain injuries keep their mind active!
A specific one mentioned was Awesome Memory. Its a free app that helps rebuild memorization skills and is also fun and interactive where you can play against your friends.
- Smith, D. D., & Tyler, N. C. (2014). Introduction to Contemporary Special Education. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education.
- Kreuzer, J. (2015). Accommodations guide for students with brain injury. brainlinekids.org
- Center for disease control and prevention (2009). Facts about traumatic brain injury. Retrieved December 2015 from brainline.org. WETA