Online Open Resources for ELLs

By Catherine A & Iyanuoluwa A.

Constructivism, Community of Practice, and English Language Learning

According to the learning theory of constructivism, the individual constructs their knowledge through their experiences and understanding. When individuals reflect on these experiences and understanding, they are able to use them as a scaffold for other experiences they may encounter. "In any case, we are active creators of our own knowledge" (WNET, 2004).

“Communities of practice are formed by people who engage in a process of collective learning in a shared domain or human endeavor” (Wenger­Trayner, 2015, p. 1).

"Learners can be actively involved in constructing their own knowledge by participating in communities of practice, rather than being passive receivers of knowledge from teachers (Bilodeau, 2003)

Due to our rapidly changing society (especially in this technological age), there are new methods and ways of gaining experiences and constructing our knowledge. We are now able to be active participators in our learning more than ever.

For Immigrants who are English Language Learners, the prevalence of online resources, tools, and classrooms, enable students to collaborate and interact with a larger learning community in a way that allows them to make their learning meaningful to themselves, and encourages them to scaffold their learning in a relevant way.

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Resource One: ESL Corner

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Resource Two: Dave's ESL Cafe

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Resource Three: Duolingo

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Resource Four: ESL/EFL Games

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Resource Five: Games to Learn English

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Bates, T. (2014, October 1). The role of communities of practice in a digital age. Retrieved from­role­of­communities­of­practice­in­a­digital­age

Bilodeau, E. (2003). Using Communities of Practice to Enhance Student Learning: Examples and Issues. Retrieved from­10­01­cop­enhancing­student­learning.pdf

Canadian Language Benchmarks. (2012). English as a Second Language for Adults. Retrieved from

Citizenship and Immigration Canada. (2015). Improving your English and French. Retrieved from

Concept to Classroom. (2004). Constructivism as a Paradigm for Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from

Education Theory/Constructivism and Social Constructivism. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Wenger­Trayner, E&B. (2015). Communities of practice: a brief introduction. Retrieved from http://wenger­­content/uploads/2015/04/07­Brief­introduction­to­communi ties­of­practice.pdf