FL Standards and Proficieny

Meggan Arnold

"These 5 goals interconnect to suggest the richness of human language" (52).

They also remind us that you need all five to produce students who are well-rounded language learners who appreciate the people and culture that the language they are studying is connected to.


Comparisons- develop insight into the nature of language and culture

Communication- in languages other than English

Cultures- gain knowledge and understanding of other cultures

Connections- connect with other disciplines

Communities- participate in multilingual communities at home and around the world

Proficiency Scale

Distinguished- learner rarely makes errors, not noticeable when made

Superior- the few errors made do not detract from the meaning being conveyed

Advanced- learners have good control over vocabulary and structures, can interact with native speakers

Intermediate- learners produce sentences and can be understood by people who normally interact with learners at this level, are capable of surviving in foreign culture

Novice- learners know words and phrases; they produce disjointed language that is hard to understand

Bottom-Up and Top-Down Models

Bottom-up: starting with "nuts and bolts" and working up to big picture

Top-down: Starting with big picture and learning the little pieces as needed