Middle East Discovery Saudi Arabia

By: Dylan Armour 3N

Country Basics

Saudi Arabia is a country in the Middle East and the capital city is Riyadh. The flag is green which is a traditional color in Islamic flags and has Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script. Picture from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia
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Geography

Saudi Arabia is located on the continent of Asia/Middle East and shares borders with Yemen, Oman,Kuwait, Jordan, Iraq, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Saudi Arabia has no perennial lakes or rivers but does border the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Gulf of Aqaba. The country has two large desserts named the Rub' Al Khali and the An- Nafud. Saudi Arabia has a mountain range called the Hajaz in the northwest and the Azir in the southwest. The government has to build massive water reservoirs underground in order to supply their citizens with water. Saudi Arabia has very hot temperatures and little rainfall which makes drinking water very valuable. A few landmarks in Saudi Arabia are the Ka'aba and the Kingdom Tower.
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Government

The leader of Saudi Arabia is Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud. The leaders are chosen when the king chooses a prince to help him with his duties and the prince is usually second in line for the throne. Saudi Arabia has a monarchy based on Islam. The rights of citizens of Saudi Arabia is that their house may not be searched without the owner's permission. The government is required to protect the environment and provide healthcare to all citizens. The throne can also be inherited from the king to the person second in line.

Picture from english.alarabiya.net

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Economy

Saudi Arabia is a rich nation but a few citizens are living in poverty. The country uses Saudi riyal as currency. Citizens in the nation are expected to live for 75 years. The birth rate is 18.51 births/1,000 population. The GDP is 1.681 trillion USD and the literacy rate is 94.7% of the total population. The citizens get water by aquifers and underground reservoirs. They mainly export/import petroleum, construction, wheat, copper, gems, and precious metals. The GDP is 748.4 billion USD. Saudi Arabia has a unemployment rate of 11.4%.

Culture

Saudi Arabia is a country with a very rich culture and was heavily influenced by the religion of Islam.Men usually wear a traditional Thobe or Thawb . Women usually wear a long abaya and a Shayla over their head. Saudi Arabians mainly speak Arabic and the main religion is Islam. A few popular dishes are shawarma, falafel, kapsa, and fatir bread. Saudi Arabia has many beautiful mosques and other religious buildings. Islam believes in the supreme being named Allah and their founder is Muhammad. Muslims believe that their holy book "Holy Qur'an" was from Allah. Picture from

www.shughal.com

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Climate

The climate in Saudi Arabia is mainly dry desert that receives very little rainfall and has hot temperatures. Saudi Arabia has hot days and very cold nights. Since it rarely rains in inland Saudi Arabia; drinking water is very hard to get. The citizens have to wear lightweight clothing in the summer and warmer clothing during winter. The government has to build desalination plants in order to provide water for their growing population. Saudi Arabians used to ride desert camels as a mode of transportation before they had access to cars.

History

In 1871 the Ottomans take control of the province of Hasa and the Al-Saud family is exiled to Kuwait by the Rashidi family. Saudi Arabia was one of the founding members of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in 1960. They formed OPEC to control the cost of all the oil they were drilling. In the March of 1975, King Faisal was assassinated by his nephew. In the December of 2001, King Fahd wants to eradicate terrorism saying it is prohibited in the religion of Islam after the hijackings in September. Many of the people who were involved in the plane hijackings on 9/11 were from Saudi Arabia.

Comparing and Contrasting the USA and Saudi Arabia

The United States and Saudi Arabia's main religion only believes in one god and have a specific place of worship. The United States is mainly Christian/Catholic. Saudi Arabia is mainly Islam. Islam believes in Allah while Christianity believes in God. Saudi Arabia has an unlimited government while the United States has a limited government. Saudi Arabia has a monarchy and the United States have a democracy. Both of the countries give rights and responsibilities to their citizens. Saudi Arabia and the United States have powerful governments. Picture from www.skyscrapercity.com
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