Fennec Fox

Amanda Rising Period 1 May, 16 2016

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Habitat

The Fennec fox lives in warm desert areas. They mostly live in deserts in Africa or Eastern Asia. One example of a desert they live in is the Sahara Desert. These foxes usually live in sandy deserts or semi-deserts. The Fennec fox lives in dens under the sand that they dig. About 12 foxes live in one den. " The dens are interconnected for a small community of individuals to inhabit and can be 3 feet deep and 32 feet long"(Fennec Fox). Fennec foxes like living underground in the sand. The sand underground keeps them cool during the day because they are nocturnal.

Movement

Fennec foxes are nocturnal which means they sleep during the day and hunt at night. The male foxes can be aggressive. During mating season fights between male foxes can arise. Most of the time the Fennec fox lives a social life and likes to play. They even like to purr when happy or in a good state of mind. Fennec foxes can also jump surprisingly high. "Fennec foxes can jump straight up as high as 61 centimeters" (Fennec Fox).
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Body Covering

Fennec foxes have very unique fur. On their paws they have little hairs that protect their feet from the hot desert sand. They have just the right amount of fur to keep them warm at night when hunting and keep them cool during the day in their dens. Their bellies, legs, and face are white. Their fur can vary in colors from white to cream to even a blushy reddish color. The color of their fur also can protect them from enemies because they can blend in with the desert floor. The tip of their tail is black.

Diet

The Fennec fox eats a variety of things. They are omnivores which means they eat both plants and animals. They don't usually look and search for water because they can usually get enough water from what they eat. They eat both plants and fruit. Fennec foxes also eat small mammals , rodents, eggs, birds, lizards, insects, and sometimes small snakes. Fennec foxes will pretty much eat whatever they can, but remember they are nocturnal which means most of the food they find is when they are searching at night.
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Reproduction

Mating season for the Fennec fox can be dangerous. Males fight aggressively and scream to win a female. Fennec foxes reproduce sexually. The mating season is from January to February. Females only give birth to pups once a year. They give birth to 2 to 5 pups. When the foxes are little the male hunts for food and protects the den from predators. Kits are weaned from their mother after 60 to 70 days and reach sexual maturity around 10 months (Fennec Fox). Fennec foxes only live for about 14 years. Below is a picture of an infant Fennec fox.
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Adaptations

The Fennec fox adapts really well to the desert. They are nocturnal which means they sleep during the day to stay cool and then hunt at night when its cooler. They also have little hairs on their feet to protect their paws from the hot desert floor. They use their paws for digging their dens. Their paws are a great tool. The foxes live in groups of 12 or less to protect each other and they all live together. You might be thinking why are their ears so big. The reason is because in the desert its hot and their big ears help them stay cool and help control their body heat. They also have really good hearing. Fennec foxes have really adapted well to the desert.

Other

  • Weigh about 3 and a half pounds
  • Smallest in fox family
  • Bark and scream
  • Killed for their fur
  • Kept as pets in Africa
  • Endanger
  • Related to- Foxes, domestic dogs, and wolves

Work Cited

Dagg, Anne Anne. “Fennec.” World Book ONline. By Dagg. Chicago: n.p., n.d. N. pag. World Book Online Reference Center. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar194380&st=fennec+fox#tab=homepage>.

EDXITY, comp. http://www.cbc.ca/kidscbc2/the-feed/fun-facts-about-cute-animals-fennec-fox. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

“Fennec Fox.” Arkive.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://www.arkive.org/fennec-fox/vulpes-zerda/image-G27107.html>.

“Fennec Fox.” http://nationalzoo.si.edu/. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/SmallMammals/fact-fennecfox.cfm>.

“Fennec Fox.” SIRS Discovery. Ed. SIRS Discovery. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. SIRS Discoverery. Web. 7 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000371195>.

Haden, Helen. “Fun Facts about Cute Animals: Fennec Fox Edition.” http://www.cbc.ca/. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://www.cbc.ca/kidscbc2/the-feed/fun-facts-about-cute-animals-fennec-fox>.

Harvard, Christian. The Fox. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

Mckay, George. Mammals. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Mammals.

World of Animals. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Vol. 2 of Mammals; The World of Animals. 49 vols.