# Local News Update

## What Happened Here?

Saad Ali was watching the news when he heard Donald Trump speaking about how Muslims are. Saad immediately knew he was wrong and wanted to protest and tell every that Muslims are people who shape society. He ran to his room and began to write a newspaper. This is what he wrote:

## Who is Al-Khawarizmi

In the 12th century, Latin translations of his work on the Indian numerals introduced the decimal positional number system to the Western world. Al-Khawarizmi's The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations in Arabic. In Renaissance Europe, he was considered the original inventor of algebra, although it is now known that his work is based on older Indian or Greek sources. He revised Ptolemy's Geography and wrote on astronomy and astrology. The word "algorithm" comes from Al-Khawarizmi's name. Our everyday usage of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing are allied to Al-Khawarizmi. He introduced the Indian numerals 1 to 9, as well as 0, into Arabic. He made many progressions to the sundial. He made many new tables for the sundial which supposedly shortened the time of calculations. Being remembered as the wisest scientific mind, Al-Khawarizmi died in c. 850.

## Al-Kindi

Born in Kufa, Al-Kindi was the first philosopher according to Greek sources. He was first interested in math, slowly started to grow an interest in reality. He was the son of al- Mu'tasim the eighth Abbasid Caliph. He was influenced by astrolabe and the interest began to grow and he invents philosophy. He thinks that the universe has a beginning and is not eternal. He later was given the name "Philosopher of the Arabs". He was the first thinker translating Greek philosophy and science into Arabic. Later, Al-Kindi said "We ought not to be ashamed of appreciating truth and of acquiring it wherever it comes from, even if it comes from races distant and nations different from us."

## Abu Bakr Al-Razi

Abu Bakr Al-Razi was born in Ray. He later went on to study philosophy, alchemy, and music before he went on to study medicine. He went on again to Ray and Baghdad were he was a Chief Physician in many hospital. He treat anything that came at him like the flu, cold, arthritis, and surgery. But then he was faced with something he never seen before. It is something now called measles and smallpox. He studied both of them for a long time. Later to find there was a cure. He went out to find a certain plant by the mountains.. This journey took 6 months. Later, he finally found this rare plant and extracted it went he got back to his lab. This was a great part of what he was known for. He was a great part of a great exchange in knowledge between many civilizations. He is now known as one of the most well known doctor in Muslim History.

## Ikhwan Al-Safa

Ikhwan Al-Safa was a group that was a group that was active in the ninth and tenth century. They called themselves the Khullan Al-Wafa also known as "The Faithful Friends". Ikhwan Al-Safacomposed the best known works of science, philosophy, and religion in this period. It was known as Rafa'il Ikhwan al- Safa which is known as "The Epistles of the Brethren of Purity". The book contain 52 different essay of valuable information that is is used today in education, business, and science.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we can say that the Muslims have contributed to our society. Al-Khawarizmi, Al-Kindi, Abu Bakr Al-Razi, and Ikhwan Al-Safa, etc. have been a great part in what Muslims have achieved in before civilizations and today. We can also say that if there were no Muslims there wouldn't be a lot of stuff that we have today.