Well-Known Ones of the Middle Ages

(William the Conqueror , King John , and Joan of Arc)

William the Conqueror

His name was William I but they called him William the Conqueror . He was born in Falaise , France in the year 1027 . He didnt a live long only 60 years , he died in Rover , France Sept. 9th 1087. He was an English King , he was also the son of Robert I .

Memorable Moments of Him

~Conflicts or Battles including him~


He prepares his fleet for English invasion at River Dives in Normandy (July 1066) . Duke William occupies Hastings, on the South coast of England . He wins the Battle of Hastings in 1066. After he conqueror England and the Anglo-Saxons he changed his name to 'William the Conqueror'


~Interesting Facts~


William was of Viking origin. Though he spoke a dialect of French and grew up in Normandy .Illiterate like most nobles of his time , William spoke no English .

Importance

William was important because he established a new order in England, he ended the conflict between the Danes and the Saxons by establishing himself as King .


He also divided his heritage between his oldest son Robert and William II, establishing England as a separate kingdom again.


He shaped England's feudal system . Helped set up a central tax system for other kings known as 'Doomsday' book.

King John

King Johns name was John Lackland , but since he is the king his name is known as King John. He was born Decemeber 24th 1167 in Oxford , United Kingdom . Died Octuber 19th , 1216 in Newark , United Kingdom . He was also an English King like William the Conqueror. King John was the youngest son of King Henry II and Elenor of aquitanine .

Memorable Moments

~Conflicts or Battles including him~

He cross the English Channel to defeat his enemy Harold during 'Battle of Hastings' , takes ten months to destroy him .The English barons forced John to sign the Great Charter (Magna Carta)


~Interesting Facts~

He died after eating peaches , had 5 kids .

Importance

He approved a document with reduces the political power of the monarchy, and forming a powerful parliament. He built a modern Navy for this war and sometimes is declared the Father of the Modern Navy.

Joan of Arc

Joan of Arcs real name was Jeanne d arc . Born 1412 in Domiemy , France . Died on May 30th , 1431 in Roven , France . Her nationality is France and she was a saint. Shes a france peasant girl that became a heroire also know as The Maids .

Memorable Moments

Joan was a young teenage girl , she said that God had spoke to her in certain visions .She was in the Battle of Orleans and helped King Charles VII become king of France. She wore pants ! Women weren't suppose to wear pants back then . She was never active in combat , known as the 'Maid of Orleans' . She became a Catholic saint and was burned on a stake .

Importance

She saved her country from being taken over by the English and she turned around a war that had been going on for almost a hundred years and France was about to lose. Her first victory at Orleans had been a miracle. Joan of Arc inspired the ever-popular bob haircut, which originated in Paris in 1909.(Interesting Fact)