What is ADHD

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what is adhd

ADHD is a common behavioral disorder that affects about 10% of school-age children. Boys are about three times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with it, though it's not yet understood why. Kids with ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. They may understand what's expected of them but have trouble following through because they can't sit still, pay attention, or focus on details.

ADHD used to be known as attention deficit disorder, or ADD. In 1994, it was renamed ADHD and broken down into three subtypes, each with its own pattern of behaviors. Although it can be challenging to raise kids with ADHD, it's important to remember they aren't "bad," "acting out," or being difficult on purpose.

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The behaviors also must not only be linked to stress at home. Kids who have experienced a divorce a move, an illness, a change in school or other significant life event may suddenly begin to act out or become forgetful. To avoid a misdiagnosis, it's important to consider whether these factors played a role when symptoms began. About 20% of kids with ADHD also experience depression. They may feel isolated, frustrated by school failures and social problems, and have low self-esteem. About 15% to 20% of kids with ADHD also have bipolar disorder, which involves rapidly changing moods, irritability, and aggression.