Harriet Tubman

"Ied over 300 slaves to freedom”

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Born: c. 1820 in Dorchester, Maryland, United States

Died: March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New York, United States

Early Life

Harriet Tubman was a slave child in her early years. She had no education and suffered from usual harsh punishment of black children during the southern slave period. Around the time when Harriet was thirteen she suffered from permanent neurological damage. She threw herself in between a fleeing slave and the master, but the master struck her in the head with a two-pound led weight. Throughout her entire life she received sudden blackouts.

Getting Involved

Her harsh punishment ,predictably, led to her escape. "During the next 10 years Harriet Tubman returned to the South 20 times to help approximately 300 slaves, including her own parents, to escape. Using a complicated system of way stations on the route from the South to Canada, she is believed never to have lost a charge," (Encyclopedia of world biography) The Federal Fugitive Slave Law set a price of $40,000 for Tubman's capture. They also promised punishment to anyone who was helping with the freeing of slaves. So she began transporting slaves North to Canada.

Choices & Results

Harriet's work on the underground railroad lasted for ten years. Tubman mad at least fifteen trips into the Southern slave states taking over three hundred slaves with her. She also began an intensive speaking tour for women's rights and the abolition of slavery.
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In Her Words

During a cornhusking she witnessed a young man's escape. She wen into the store after them and that gave her an idea about her escape. After she had been abused and punished for her lack of work she escaped.

Aftermath

After Tubman died she the Local Civil War veterans led the funeral march. She was called the Moses of her people. Harriet had earned legendary status in the African-American community within the ten years of her escape. She became a symbol of courage and strength to African Americans, both slaves and free. The postal service also issued the first stamp in honor to Tubman.

Words For Her

  • " Harriet Tubman was denied a pension and had to struggle financially for the rest of her life " (Encyclopedia of world biography)
  • " Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth were slaves by birth, freedom fighters by temperament " ( Brainy Quotes )

Legacy

Her home was named a national historic landmark. She also had a World War II ship was named for her. In the U.S. she was featured on a commemorative stamp. New York Towns granted Harriet the veteran status she didn't get in her lifetime.

Annotated Bibliograpghy

1. "Harriet Ross Tubman." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web. 5 May 2016."

This is one of the few pictures we have of Harriet because she was a slave most of her life and trying not to get caught while transporting slaves to the North.

2. "Harriet Ross Tubman." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 3 May 2016

This biography helped me understand how many slaves she helped become free and how many trips she took.

3. Maxwell, Louise. "Harriet Tubman." Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Gale, 2006. Biography in Context. Web. 4 May 2016.

This explains a lot about her early life and helps me understand that she was a slave when she was young and what she went through her escape.

4. women's history about

This is Tubman during her many speeches during her speaking tour.

5. Maxwell, Louise. "Harriet Tubman." Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Gale, 2006. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016.

This section of the biography talks about the aftermath and how the society is now because of her and without her what the world would be like. How would it be different?