Johnson

Landslide Lyndon

Becoming President

  • Took over after Kennedy's death in Dallas
Election of 1964:

  • Johnson (Democrat) ran against Goldwater (Republican)
  • Johnson won electoral vote 486 to 52
  • Johnson won popular vote 43, 127, 041 to 21,175, 754

The Great Society

  • Johnson's domestic program
  • Pushed Kennedy's tax bill through congress
  • Made billion dollar "War on Poverty"
  • Paid special attention to Appalachia
  • New Deal-like measures put in place
  • The Other America By Michael Harrington aroused support for TGS
  • Congress appropriated the Office of Economic Opportunity $2 billion
  • Congress granted $1 billion to redevelop Appalachia
  • Created the Department of Transportation
  • Created the Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • Created National Endowments for the Arts and Humanities
  • Aid to education
  • Medical care to the elderly (Medicare) and poor (Medicaid) in 1965
  • Immigration reform (Immigration and Nationality act of 1965)
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

The 24th Amendment

  • Ratified January 1964
  • Abolished poll tax in federal elections
  • "Freedom Summer" of 1964 registered many black voters
  • MLK Jr resumed black voting campaign in Selma, Alabama in 1965

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

  • August 2-4, 1964
  • North Vietnamese ships fired on American Navy
  • Johnson ordered limited air raid on North Vietnam
  • Congress gave Johnson permission to use further force in Vietnam if so desired

Vietnam

  • February 1965 Vietnamese troops attacked American Air Base
  • March 1965 "Operation Rolling Thunder"
  • 1968 more than half a million troops in South Vietnam
  • Charles de Gaulle ordered American NATO troops off French soil 1966
  • 1966-1967 William Fulbright aired shows that gave antiwar opinions against Johnson
  • Johnson announced "Bombing Halts" in 1966 and 1967
  • 1968 Johnson tells CIA to spy on antiwar Americans
  • 1968 Johnson tells FBI to use "Cointelpro" on antiwar protesters
  • January 1968 North Vietnam attacks 27 major South Vietnam cities
  • March 31, 1968 Johnson tells Americans that he's shifting responsibility to South Vietnamese
  • 1968 Johnson declared he would not be candidate in upcoming election
  • North and South Korea agreed to discuss peace in Paris

Civil Rights and Voting Rights

Civil Rights Act of 1964:

  • In honor of Kennedy
  • Banned racial discrimination
  • Strengthened fed power to desegregate schools
  • created federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Conservatives tried to add in women's rights
  • 1965 issued executive order to take action against discrimination
Voting Rights Act of 1965:
  • Signed into law August 6th
  • Outlawed literacy tests
  • Sent federal voter registrars to southern states

1968- The "Watershed" year

  • 1968 Johnson tells CIA to spy on antiwar Americans
  • 1968 Johnson tells FBI to use "Cointelpro" on antiwar protesters
  • January 1968 North Vietnam attacks 27 major South Vietnam cities
  • March 31, 1968 Johnson tells Americans that he's shifting responsibility to South Vietnamese
  • 1968 Johnson declared he would not be candidate in upcoming election
  • North and South Korea agreed to discuss peace in Paris
  • Hubert H. Humphrey ran as democratic candidate
  • Robert Kennedy shot and killed June 5, 1968
  • Martin Luther King Jr assassinated
  • Chicago 1968 police riots due to angry democratic voters
  • August 1968 Republicans met in Miami make Nixon candidate
  • Independent party appoints George C. Wallace as candidate
  • Nixon won, 301 electoral votes and 31, 785, 480 popular to Humphrey's 191 electoral votes and 31, 275, 166 popular votes
  • Wallace won 9, 906, 473 popular votes and 46 electoral votes