Winston Churchill

Former British Prime Minister

Big image

Who Was Winston Churchill?

Mr.Churchill was born to an aristocratic (high class) and famous family in 1874, and raised in Dublin, Ireland. He was born at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire. As a young man, Winston served in the British military, but only after failing to pass his exam three times In order to join. However, he worked as a writer before. Further more, during the Boer War, he was a war correspondent. Winston Churchill was captured, held a prisoner, escaped and took part in the relief of Ladysmith. Later, after becoming prime minister in 1940, he helped lead a successful Allied strategy with the U.S. and Russia during WWII to defeat the Axis powers and craft post-war peace. Elected prime minister again in 1951, he introduced key domestic reforms. Churchill then died at age 90 in 1965.

Discussion Question

Why do you think Winston Churchill decided to enlist in the British military instead of following both his mother and fathers shoes by going to Harvard?

BIO Shorts: Tom Brokaw on Winston Churchill - A Fighting Force

Winston Churchill's Early Life

Winston Churchill was educated at the Harrow prep school as a boy, where he performed so poorly that he did not even bother to apply to Oxford or Cambridge. Instead, in 1893 young Winston Churchill headed off to military school at Sandhurst. After he left Sandhurst, Churchill traveled all around the British Empire as a soldier and as a journalist. In 1896, he went to India; his first book, published in 1898, was an account of his experiences in India. Later in 1899, the London Morning Post sent him to cover the Boer War in South Africa, but he was captured by enemy soldiers as soon as he arrived. Fortunately, Churchill had made a daring escape through a bathroom window which had made him a minor celebrity back home in Britain. By 1900, the 26-year-old Churchill had published five books.That same year, Winston Churchill joined the House of Commons as a Conservative. Four years later, he “crossed the chamber” and became a Liberal.

Churchill's Literary Works

Discussion Question

Why do you think Winston Churchill had switched sides in the house of commons from a Conservative to a Liberal?

Winston Churchill's Journey to Prime Minister

In 1900, Churchill became a member of Parliament in the Conservative Party for Oldham, a town in Manchester. Following his father into politics, he also followed his father's sense of independence, becoming a supporter of social reform. Churchill switched to the Liberal Party in 1904. He was elected a member of Parliament in 1908, and was appointed as president of the Board of Trade. Also in 1908, he introduced several reforms for the prison system, introduced the first minimum wage, and helped set up labor exchanges for the unemployed and unemployment insurance.From 1919 to 1922, Churchill served as minister of war and air and colonial secretary under Prime Minister David Lloyd George. On September 3, 1939, the day that Britain declared war on Germany, Churchill was appointed first lord of the Admiralty and a member of the war cabinet.furthermore, by April 1940, he became chairman of the Military Coordinating Committee. On May 10, King George VI appointed Churchill as prime minister and minister of defense

Campaign Posters

Discussion Question

Why do you think Winston was a good candidate to be chosen as prime minister, relating to his liberal views?

Winston Churchill in WWII

Winston Churchill served as the prime minister of Great Britain from the 10th of May of 1940 up until 1945 and then again, from 1951 to 1955. In World War Two, he led Britain’s fight against Nazi Germany. Winston Churchill gave many speeches during the Second World War, to boost national morale. Winston Churchill met with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Morocco to plan attacks on the war fronts. He worked on the weekends and travelled abroad many times a year to conferences and battlefronts. They planned to send forces to the pacific, to help the Soviet Union, and invade Sicily and Italy. Churchill made planning and decision making both political and military simpler and more efficient. Besides being a popular leader, Churchill was also an emphatically democratic one. Parliament continued to sit throughout the war, and the war's progress was publicly debated. Churchill assumed full responsibility and, during months of 1941-42, when he often had to report disasters, he had to bow a bit to his critics. Winston Churchill helped the British people during World War II and led his country to victory.

Big image

1940-45, Winston Churchill gives his famous 'V for Victory' sign while addressing crowds from the balcony of City Hall in Sheffield, during a tour of the Midlands

Winston S Churchill: We Shall Fight on the Beaches

Winston Churchill's Significance And Impact Towards Canada

Winston Churchill had a very deep connection and affection with Canada, the city of Toronto played a special part in this Canadian connection. He had helped in executing a lot of the developments that took place to help Canada become a strong country. Therefore the citizens of Canada were very welcoming towards Winston Churchill and all the great ideas he had bought along with him to improve this country. He had devoted most of his time to interpret Canada to the Britains and vise versa. In September 1939, Canada had joined the Great Britain in declaring war on Germany. In August 1941 Churchill met with the president of the United States Of America Franklin D. Roosevelt in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland where the Atlantic Charter was signed. In December, 30, 1941 after the United States Of America had just joined the war Churchill had addressed the Canadian House Of Commons. Due to the great relationship that was formed because of Churchill with Britain, Canada had gave Britain and the Allies an enormous amount of money in the Second World War. During Churchill’s seventh and final visit to Canada, he had stated "I love coming to Canada. Canada is the master-link in Anglo-American unity, apart from her own glories. God bless your Country”. In 1958 Churchill had become the first person to receive to be offered the Freedom of the City of Toronto. After the death of Winston Churchill on January 24, 1965 newspapers across the country had paid tributes to the great man who Canada had owed a lot too for its current state.

Big image

Winston Churchill adressing the House of Commons. Ottawa, Ont. 30 Dec. 1941

Discussion Question

Why do you think Churchill had been persisted in aiding Canada into becoming a strong country?

Churchill's most memorable Quotes

  • "Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm."
  • "You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life."
  • "Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak. Courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen."
  • "Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts."
  • "We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give."
  • "To improve is to change; to be perfect is to change often."
  • "The price of greatness is responsibility."
  • "History story will be kind to me for I intend to write it."
Big image

Interesting Facts

  • In 1953, Churchill won a Nobel Prize in literature
  • Winston Churchill let millions of Indians starve to death in a manmade famine by refusing to release food rations, instead exporting food out of India, in 1943.
  • Churchill's parents were distant with their children and as a result, Churchill was brought up by Mrs Elizabeth Ann Everest, his nanny.
  • He and younger brother Jack were sent to boarding schools in Ascot and Brighton.
  • From an early age, Churchill was fiercely independent and rebellious hence qualities which resulted in a poor academic record at school, for which he was punished.
  • Enrolled into Harrow School in 1888,Churchill had struggled with a stutter and a lateral lisp.
  • Sir Winston Churchill proposed to three different women during his twenties, all of the three women had refused his proposal. He did however remain friends with all three women.
  • Churchill became Prime Minister the same day Hitler invaded France and the Low Countries. He was 65-years-old when he took office.