Allegory - is a type of literature in which character or events stand for something else
Communist Russia - an allegory in which the events happen during a Russian revolutionary
tyrannical government - the government or rule of a tyrant or absolute ruler. 3. a state ruled by a tyrant or absolute ruler. 4. oppressive or unjustly severe government on the part of any ruler.
Satire - when you use humor to expose human weakness
The animals sing Beasts of England.
Frighten by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans.
chapter 2 - The animals change the name of the farm to Manor farm
When Jones and his men arrive, they begin whipping the animals.
the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animal ism.
The cows then give five buckets of milk, which Napoleon steals.
chapter 3 - The animals learn that the cows' milk and wind fallen apples are mixed every day into the pigs' mash.
The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers.
Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: "Four legs good, two legs bad."
he animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same.
chapter 4 - news of the rebellion spreads to other farms by pigeons.
Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control of it.
Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers.
The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call "The Battle of the Cowshed."
chapter 5 - Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of the Pilkington's men.
The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote.
On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm.
Three weeks after Snowball's escape, Napoleon surprises everybody by announcing that the windmill will be built.
chapter 6 - Napoleon announces that the farm will be trading goods will neighboring farms.
Napoleon tells the animals that Snowball is responsible for its ruin and offers a reward to any animal who kills Snowball or brings him back alive.
Napoleon then declares that they will begin rebuilding the windmill that very morning.
Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication.
chapter 7- the animals are led to believe that snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor.
the animals struggle against starvation.
Napoleon calls a meeting of all the animals, during which he forces confessions from all those who had questioned him.
Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm's sufficiency to the human world.
chapter 8 - The next morning, Frederick and 14 men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to take it by force.
Napoleon sells the pile of timber to Frederick, who tries to pay with a check.
Muriel rereading the Seven Commandments and noticing, for the first time, that the Fifth Commandment now reads, "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."
Whymper then learns that Frederick's banknotes are forgeries, and Napoleon pronounces the death sentence on the traitorous human.
Characters and Who/What They Symbolize
Mr. Jones (farmer)
Tsar Nicolas II (Did not take good care of the Animal Farm, sometimes forgot to feed the animals or to close the door of the pop-holes.)
Old Major (pig)
Marx/Lenin (Died before the revolution, taught Animalism and to fight against human.)
Workers (Always trusted in Napoleon, strong, worked hard for the Animal Farm, always worked more than the others.)
Stalin (Clever, cruel, selfish, power-hungry, kills whoever opposes what he says, controlled all animals, the leader of Animal Farm, used the dogs for protection and killing)
Mothers (Overweight, motherly, nurturing type who cares about others more than herself)
Trotsky (Good speaker, good at writing than the other animals, one of the other leaders of Animal Farm, chased away by Napoleon's dogs.)
Propaganda department of the government (Talks a lot, persuaded the other animals to believe and follow Napoleon. Follows Napoleon.)
Bluebell, Pincher, Jessie (dogs)
KGB/secret police of Stalin (Loyal, follow Napoleon, protect Napoleon, are used to force the animals to work.)
People who thought the revolution wouldn't change Russia (Old, wise, experimented, 'we don't need a change', quiet, doubtful, neutral about changes)
Mollie (white mare)
Upper class, nobles/white Russians (Selfish, vain, loved her own appearance, doesn't like working, lazy, didn't care of the Animal Farm, followed anyone that gave her what she wanted.)
Russian Orthodox Church/Religion (Kept talking about vague places (SugarCandy mountain, or heaven)
Educated people (Reader, intelligent, reads words, but doesn't understand what they say)
Mr. Frederick (farmer)
Adolf Hitler- the ruler of Nazi Germany (Tough, shrewd operator of Pinchfield, perpetually involved in lawsuits, drive hard bargains, always picking fights.)
Mr. Pilkington (farmer)
England (Easy-going, gentleman)
Mr. Whymper (solicitor)
People who earn money out of a good situation/can stand on both sides (Side whiskered, sly looking, broker, the 'middle man')
Ducklings (ducks) who watch over all ducklings
Rituals : After the battle they hold a ceremony to honor military heroes.
They also use Mr.Jones gun to shoot twice a year on the day of the battle happen and of their rebellion.
- Power: Leadership and Corruption
- Rules and Order
- Foolishness an Folly