SC in the American Revolution
There were some "Patriot Partisans" that led attacks on Great Britain's Army. The men that led those attacks were; Andrew Pickens, Francis Marion, Thomas Sumter, and William Harden.
Saved by the Palmettos!
Friday, May 12th 1780 at 12am
The first time Britain tried to capture Charleston Port failed, due to Fort Moultrie. Fort Moultrie was built out of palmetto logs, which were resilient to the cannons. The second time the British tried to capture the port, they succeeded. The Americans were surrounded and forced to surrender. The harbor was blockaded and supply lines were cut off. Other American forces surrendered and were paroled.
Retreat to Trap the British
Wednesday, Jan. 17th 1781 at 12am
Cowpens National Battlefield, Cherokee County, SC, United States
This battle was an American victory that is often called the "Fake Retreat" due to Andrew Pickens' plan for the militia leading the British into the American army. The Partisans ran away to simulate a retreat, which lead Britain right into their trap. The British Army retreated towards North Carolina and Virginia to wait for supplies. Hayne was hanged and used as an example, because he was a traitor of the crown.
The Crown Overwhelms Gates' Army
Wednesday, Aug. 16th 1780 at 12am
This battle was a British victory, which resulted in Great Britain having control over the majority of South Carolina. American troops weren't prepared, so they fled the battle field. Horatio Gates' army was transferred to Nathaniel Greene.
British Welcoming Committee
The British hoped that the neutral parties and loyalists in South Carolina would help them win the war, but it didn't turn out as well as they hoped. British troops burned down churches, looted homes, and exiled citizens. Not a very good way to win the popular vote...
Guerrilla Warfare Causes Turning Point
Saturday, Oct. 7th 1780 at 12am
Kings Mountain, NC, United States
Kings Mountain, NC
This battle was an American victory, and a turning point in the war. British troops started to retreat from the upcountry after this battle. Guerrilla warfare was used by mountain men who attacked the army from behind the trees. The British tried to surrender, but were offered no quarters because of the army's harsh treatment of the citizens. (see above)
Was it Really a Victory?
Saturday, Sep. 8th 1781 at 12am
Eutaw Springs, SC, United States
Eutaw Springs, SC
This battle marked clearance for the British in the South, but it was a pyrrhic victory. The American's saw it as a victory due to the tactics that were used.