Border Collie

Cute and cuddly yet hardworking =)

The Origin of Dogs

Human Evolution Aided by Dogs - Horizon: The Secret Life of the Dog - BBC Two

Border Collie

Origin of Border Collies.

The Border Collie was originally called the "Scotch Sheep Dog" and originated in Northumberland along the borders of Scotland and England. It is a descendant from dogs used by the Vikings to herd reindeer, the old British droving breeds, with spaniel added.


Named a "workaholic" for its sheer drive and love for working, the Border Collie has an eye that can hypnotize cattle. It can master any type of herd by crouching down and mesmerizing the animals with its intense stare. One of the most trainable breeds, the Border Collie also serves well as a narcotics and bomb detection dog and is a frequent high performer in obedience, agility, Frisbee™ trials, police work, search and rescue, Flyball, performing tricks and competitive obedience. Some Border Collies have been trained very successfully as guide dogs for the blind. Currently very good results are obtained with them for general assistance to the handicapped in The Netherlands. The Border Collie was first recognized by the AKC in 1995.

Description of its looks

The Border Collie is a medium sized, energetic dog. Its body is slightly longer than it is tall. The oval eyes are set well apart and brown in color, except in merles where one or both eyes may be blue. The medium sized ears are set well apart, either carried erect or semi-erect. The front legs are straight when viewed from the front, but slightly sloping when viewed from the side.


The medium sized tail is set low reaching at least to the hock, rising somewhat when the dog is excited.The double coat of a Border Collie is weather resistant, dense and close-fitting. There are two coat varieties: a short, sleek coat (about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long) and a coarse, rough coat (about 3 inches (7.6 cm) long). The coat colors come in black and white, tricolor, red and white, black and gray, yellow, yellow and white, sable, and all black. The longer haired variety should have a mane and tail brush. The hair on the face, ears and front legs is always short and sleek. Since Border Collies are bred for working ability and intelligence rather than for physical beauty, conformation varies widely.

The border collie's life span is about 12-15 years .

Why Border Collie is usually used to herd sheeps and other live animals.

As Border Collie are members of the Herding group, they have instincts to herd other dogs and livestock, and even children. When used to control a herd, Border Collies run around the group to keep them in a central location. Intense stares coupled with methodical movements serve to keep the flock under control and come naturally to Border Collies.
Dogs 101:Border Collie

DONE BY : Annabelle Tan Mei Hwa [6B'2013]