Federation of Australia
What life was like in the 1880s
Reasons For Federation
Before 1901 (the year federation occurred) Australia was not a nation, and instead it was made up of 6 British Colonies that were controlled by the British Parliament that had their own railway system and different tax system. Australia was basically just the name of a continent controlled by the British rather than being it's own country that was self-governing.
Most people living in Australia didn't like the fact we weren't our own country and thought we would benefit from being a self-governing county. One of the main reasons federation occurred was because each colony had their own defence force and in the instance Australia had to defend itself against another army or any opposing threat a larger defence force working together would be much more beneficial than six fighting for their own colony.
Another reason for federation was that people were concerned that Australia might by invaded by non-white foreigners and this really encouraged people to support federation. Although most colonies had rules against who could immigrate, several colonies wanted to increase their rules and keep Australia free of non-whites. Because multiple people have been immigrating to Australia especially when the gold rush occurred as that attracted multiple foreign men and women to travel to Australia (especially the Chinese) people are complaining about the amount of available jobs as the newcomer foreigners are taking multiple of the available jobs.