Three Elements Of Crime

By: Jonathan Ikard

Awareness of duty

- People must be aware that they are supposed to do something or not to do something.

- When laws are already on the books people have a duty to know and abide by them.

- In civil cases, awareness of duty must be established to find some liable.

Violation Of Duty

- Very clear cut with laws and statutes

- Civil cases must be determined in court

- Did the person "violate their duty"

Criminal Intent

- Mainly applies to CIVIL cases

- Described as the state of a person's mind

- Can be used to determine guilt or innocence