DOWN SYNDROME

(Trisomy 21)

What is Down Syndrome?

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder and the most common autosomal chromosome abnormality in humans, where extra genetic material from chromosome 21 is transferred to a newly formed embryo. These extra genes and DNA cause changes in development of the embryo and fetus resulting in physical and mental abnormalities.

Treatment for Down Syndrome: An Overview

Because it is a problem with the chromosomes, there are no cures for Down syndrome. Therefore, treatment for the condition focuses on controlling symptoms and any medical conditions that result because of Down syndrome.

Treatment for Down syndrome can include:

  • Regular checkups and screening
  • Medications
  • Surgery
  • Counseling and support.

National Down Syndrome Society

The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979