Haeley Day & Miraqle Pillette
Table Of Contents:1.Nativism,2.Politics,3.CourtCases,4.ScopesTrial,5.Innovations,6.PoliticalCartoon,7.Bibliography
Nativism is the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.In the 1920's, Ku Klux Klan returo for the first time since targeting Catholics, Jews, who were among the largest groups of ethnic immigrants; as well as African Americans.Opening up with the Emergency Immigration Act of 1921, this act restricted the amount of immigrants coming into the United States. It was an immigration quota that limited annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to only 3% of the people living in the United States.
National Origins Act of 1924 which also penalized the Japanese as well as other Asians, and also restricted the flow of Southern and Eastern Europeans more than the other immigration restriction legislature had.The Immigration Act of 1924 limited the yeatly number of immigrants who could be transferred from any country to only 2% of the people living in the United States.
Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1921 until his death,March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923
The Teapot Dome scandal was a fraud incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, while Warren G. Harding was in office.The Kellogg–Briand Pact is a 1928 national agreement in which states promised not to use war to resolve disputes which may arise among them.
A Red Scare is the seriousness of fear of a potential rise of communism used by anti-leftist proponents. In the United States, the First Red Scare was about socialist revolution and political radicalism.
The Palmer Raids were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice wanting to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, mainly anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests were November 1919 and January 1920 leas by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.
Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were Italian anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during an armed robbery of a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920 and the men were executed.
In Schenck v. United States (1919), the Supreme Court invented the "clear and present danger" test to determine when a state could legally limit an individual's free speech rights under the First Amendment.
Scopes Monkey Trial
John Thomas Scopes was a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, who was charged on May 5, 1925 for violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which restricted the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools.
Clarence Seward Darrow was an American lawyer, leader of the American Civil Liberties Union, and an advocate for Georgist economic reform.
William Jennings Bryan was an American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a famous figure in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, running for President of the United States three times.
July 21, 1925, Scopes 'Monkey Trial' Ends With Guilty Verdict. 1925: John Scopes, a high school biology teacher and part-time football coach, was guilty of teaching evolution in schools, in violation of Tennessee law.
Innovations, Innovators & Culture
The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s, ending with the Great Depression, in which jazz music and dance styles became popular, mainly in the United States, but also in Britain, France and elsewhere. Jazz originated in New Orleans as a fusion of African and European music and played a significant part in wider cultural changes in this period, and its influence on pop culture continued long afterwards. The Jazz Age is often referred to in conjunction with the Roaring Twenties.
Marcus Garvey (1887-1940) was the most popular black nationalist leader of the early twentieth century, and the founder of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). A Jamaican immigrant, Garvey rose to prominence as a soapbox orator in Harlem, New York. By the 1920s, the charismatic Garvey's UNIA claimed more than 4 million members, and crowds of more than 25,000 people packed into Madison Square Garden to hear Garvey speak of racial redemption and repatriation to Africa. Garvey's militancy and popularity spooked the U.S. government, which eventually imprisoned and deported Garvey on dubious charges of mail fraud.
The 1920s earned their moniker—the "Roaring Twenties"—through the decade's real and sustained prosperity, dizzying technological advancements, and lively culture. The decade marked the flourishing of the modern mass-production, mass-consumption economy, which delivered fantastic profits to investors while also raising the living standard of the urban middle- and working-class. For the large minority of Americans who made their livelihoods in agriculture, however, the decade roared only with the agony of prolonged depression.