The Course Of World War 2
By: Dorian, Drew, And Nick
Hitler's Earliest Victories
The Battle of Brittan
Hitler Realized that an amphibious invasion would only succeed if he gained control of the air. In 1940 the Luftwaffe (the German Air Force) bombed British Naval Bases, Harbors communication centers, and war industries.
In September 1940 in retaliation of a bombing on Berlin Hitler ordered a change of strategy. Instead of bombing military bases the Luftwaffe Began bombing major british cities.
The Invasion Of Poland
The Nazi Invasion of Poland is also known as the September Campaign or The 1939 Defensive War. Nazi Germany saw Poland as a strategic position against the Soviet Union. Poland also was the land designated as the “perfect land” to build an army. Germany used propaganda and staged events to make it seen that they were acting in self defense on moving in to Poland. They advanced in to Poland without being seen as a threat and they built their army to the strongest it could be.
German Forces Surrender in Berlin
The Battle of Berlin ended on May 2. On that day, General of the Artillery Helmuth Weidling, the commander of the Berlin Defense Area, unconditionally surrendered the city to General Vasily Chuikov of the Soviet army. On the same day the officers commanded two armies of Army Group Vistula north of Berlin surrendered to the Western Allies.
Japan Declares War
On December 7, 1941, Japanese kamikaze pilots attacked Pearl Harbor. On the same day, Japanese forces attacked islands in the Philippines and started moving toward the British colony of Malaya. By spring of 1942, almost all of Southeast Asia and most of the Western Pacific was held by Japan. Japan treated the people there like conquered territories. Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor had two meanings behind it. It was meant to demoralize the Americans and hopefully destroy most of the fleet in the Pacific.
Attack on The Soviet Union
The Allied Advance
The three major Allied Powers were the USA, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. All three were suspicious of the other's motives and agreed to put aside their political differences and focus on military operations. They agreed to fight until the Axis Powers surrendured unconditionally.